Induction of ATM/ATR pathway combined with Vγ2Vδ2 T cells enhances cytotoxicity of ovarian cancer cells

Jingwei Lu, Manjusri Das, Suman Kanji, Reeva Aggarwal, Matthew Joseph, Alo Ray, Charles L. Shapiro, Vincent J. Pompili, Hiranmoy Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many ovarian cancer cells express stress-related molecule MICA/B on their surface that is recognized by Vγ2Vδ2 T cells through their NKG2D receptor, which is transmitted to downstream stress-signaling pathway. However, it is yet to be established how Vγ2Vδ2 T cell-mediated recognition of MICA/B signal is transmitted to downstream stress-related molecules. Identifying targeted molecules would be critical to develop a better therapy for ovarian cancer cells. It is well established that ATM/ATR signal transduction pathways, which is modulated by DNA damage, replication stress, and oxidative stress play central role in stress signaling pathway regulating cell cycle checkpoint and apoptosis. We investigated whether ATM/ATR and its down stream molecules affect Vγ2Vδ2 T cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Herein, we show that ATM/ATR pathway is modulated in ovarian cancer cells in the presence of Vγ2Vδ2 T cells. Furthermore, downregulation of ATM pathway resulted downregulation of MICA, and reduced Vγ2Vδ2 T cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Alternately, stimulating ATM pathway enhanced expression of MICA, and sensitized ovarian cancer cells for cytotoxic lysis by Vγ2Vδ2 T cells. We further show that combining currently approved chemotherapeutic drugs, which induced ATM signal transduction, along with Vγ2Vδ2 T cells enhanced cytotoxicity of resistant ovarian cancer cells. These findings indicate that ATM/ATR pathway plays an important role in tumor recognition, and drugs promoting ATM signaling pathway might be considered as a combination therapy together with Vγ2Vδ2 T cells for effectively treating resistant ovarian cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1071-1079
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Volume1842
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • ATM/ATR pathway
  • Combination therapy
  • Cytotoxicity
  • MICA
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Vγ2Vδ2 T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this