Individual and environmental effects on assaults and nonviolent rule breaking by women in prison

Benjamin Steiner, John Wooldredge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations


Drawing from micro- and macro-level theories of social control, the authors examined inmate and facility effects on the prevalence of assaults and nonviolent rule infractions committed by female inmates housed in state correctional facilities during 1991 and 1997. Analyses of national samples of more than 2,200 women confined in roughly 40 facilities produced results favoring a control perspective. Characteristics of both inmates (e.g., family status, history of physical or sexual abuse, drug use immediately prior to incarceration, and mental ill health) and facilities (e.g., crowding and security level) were relevant for understanding differences among female inmates in the odds of both assault and nonviolent misconduct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-467
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

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