Incorporation of oxygen contribution by plant roots into classical dissolved oxygen deficit model for a subsurface flow treatment wetland

N. Achintya Bezbaruah, C. Tian Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


It has been long established that plants play major roles in a treatment wetland. However, the role of plants has not been incorporated into wetland models. This study tries to incorporate wetland plants into a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) model so that the relative contributions of the aerobic and anaerobic processes to meeting BOD can be quantitatively determined. The classical dissolved oxygen (DO) deficit model has been modified to simulate the DO curve for a field subsurface flow constructed wetland (SFCW) treating municipal wastewater. Sensitivities of model parameters have been analyzed. Based on the model it is predicted that in the SFCW under study about 64% BOD are degraded through aerobic routes and 36% is degraded anaerobically. While not exhaustive, this preliminary work should serve as a pointer for further research in wetland model development and to determine the values of some of the parameters used in the modified DO deficit and associated BOD model. It should be noted that nitrogen cycle and effects of temperature have not been addressed in these models for simplicity of model formulation. This paper should be read with this caveat in mind.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1179-1184
Number of pages6
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 25 2009



  • BOD
  • Constructed wetland
  • DO deficit
  • Kinetic model
  • Oxygen sag
  • Rhizosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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