Incongruous Item Generation Effects: A Multiple-Cue Perspective

Sal A. Soraci, Jeffery J. Franks, John D. Bransford, Richard A. Chechile, Robert F. Belli, Michael Carr, Michael Carlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a series of studies, generation effects were obtained under encoding conditions designed to induce incongruous, unrelated item generation. Experiments 1 and 2, using free- and cued-recall measures, respectively, provided evidence that this unrelated generation effect was due to response-specific processing. Experiment 3 demonstrated a lack of relation between free recall and indices of clustering. A preliminary protocol study suggested that Ss generate multiple items in their search for appropriate unrelated responses. In Experiments 4 and 5, conditions designed to produce more extensive multiple generations demonstrated enhanced free recall. These results supported a multiple-cue account of facilitated recall for incongruous item generation. The multiple-cue perspective is consistent with traditional conceptualizations of memory, such as the principle of congruity, and contemporary distinctions between cue-target relational and item-specific processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

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Cohort Effect
Cues
experiment
Cluster Analysis
lack
evidence
Experiment
Free Recall
Generation Effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Incongruous Item Generation Effects : A Multiple-Cue Perspective. / Soraci, Sal A.; Franks, Jeffery J.; Bransford, John D.; Chechile, Richard A.; Belli, Robert F.; Carr, Michael; Carlin, Michael.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.1994, p. 67-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soraci, Sal A. ; Franks, Jeffery J. ; Bransford, John D. ; Chechile, Richard A. ; Belli, Robert F. ; Carr, Michael ; Carlin, Michael. / Incongruous Item Generation Effects : A Multiple-Cue Perspective. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 1994 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 67-78.
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