Incidence of cardiac arrhythmias with therapeutic versus diagnostic ultrasound and intravenous microbubbles

Scott Chapman, John Robert Windle, Feng Xie, Anna McGrain, Thomas Richard Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of arrhythmias induced with therapeutic versus diagnostic transthoracic low-frequency ultrasound (TLFUS) transducers in the presence of intravenous microbubbles. Methods. Intravenous perfluorocarbon-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin (PESDA) microbubbles were infused or given as a bolus injection while TLFUS was applied in the standard parasternal and apical views with either a 1-MHz therapeutic ultrasound transducer or high-mechanical-index diagnostic ultrasound (1.7 MHz). Results. Significantly more ectopy was produced by the therapeutic transducer, especially at higher-intensity settings in the continuous wave mode after bolus injections of PESDA (P < .001 compared with lower intensities and lower continuous infusion rates). Six patients (15%) had either clinical supraventricular tachycardia or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia after intravenous PESDA with therapeutic TLFUS. In comparison, diagnostic high-mechanical-index ultrasound produced only isolated ventricular ectopy and no sustained ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusions. Intravenously injected microbubbles and low-frequency therapeutic transducers operating at longer duty cycles and wide beam widths have the capability of eliciting clinically important arrhythmias in patients at high risk for such events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1099-1107
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Fingerprint

arrhythmia
Microbubbles
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Ultrasonography
transducers
Transducers
Fluorocarbons
tachycardia
incidence
albumins
low frequencies
Incidence
Albumins
Glucose
injection
Therapeutics
Injections
Supraventricular Tachycardia
continuous radiation
Ventricular Tachycardia

Keywords

  • Arrhythmias
  • Echocardiography
  • Ultrasound contrast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Incidence of cardiac arrhythmias with therapeutic versus diagnostic ultrasound and intravenous microbubbles",
abstract = "Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of arrhythmias induced with therapeutic versus diagnostic transthoracic low-frequency ultrasound (TLFUS) transducers in the presence of intravenous microbubbles. Methods. Intravenous perfluorocarbon-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin (PESDA) microbubbles were infused or given as a bolus injection while TLFUS was applied in the standard parasternal and apical views with either a 1-MHz therapeutic ultrasound transducer or high-mechanical-index diagnostic ultrasound (1.7 MHz). Results. Significantly more ectopy was produced by the therapeutic transducer, especially at higher-intensity settings in the continuous wave mode after bolus injections of PESDA (P < .001 compared with lower intensities and lower continuous infusion rates). Six patients (15{\%}) had either clinical supraventricular tachycardia or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia after intravenous PESDA with therapeutic TLFUS. In comparison, diagnostic high-mechanical-index ultrasound produced only isolated ventricular ectopy and no sustained ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusions. Intravenously injected microbubbles and low-frequency therapeutic transducers operating at longer duty cycles and wide beam widths have the capability of eliciting clinically important arrhythmias in patients at high risk for such events.",
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T1 - Incidence of cardiac arrhythmias with therapeutic versus diagnostic ultrasound and intravenous microbubbles

AU - Chapman, Scott

AU - Windle, John Robert

AU - Xie, Feng

AU - McGrain, Anna

AU - Porter, Thomas Richard

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Y1 - 2005/8

N2 - Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of arrhythmias induced with therapeutic versus diagnostic transthoracic low-frequency ultrasound (TLFUS) transducers in the presence of intravenous microbubbles. Methods. Intravenous perfluorocarbon-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin (PESDA) microbubbles were infused or given as a bolus injection while TLFUS was applied in the standard parasternal and apical views with either a 1-MHz therapeutic ultrasound transducer or high-mechanical-index diagnostic ultrasound (1.7 MHz). Results. Significantly more ectopy was produced by the therapeutic transducer, especially at higher-intensity settings in the continuous wave mode after bolus injections of PESDA (P < .001 compared with lower intensities and lower continuous infusion rates). Six patients (15%) had either clinical supraventricular tachycardia or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia after intravenous PESDA with therapeutic TLFUS. In comparison, diagnostic high-mechanical-index ultrasound produced only isolated ventricular ectopy and no sustained ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusions. Intravenously injected microbubbles and low-frequency therapeutic transducers operating at longer duty cycles and wide beam widths have the capability of eliciting clinically important arrhythmias in patients at high risk for such events.

AB - Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of arrhythmias induced with therapeutic versus diagnostic transthoracic low-frequency ultrasound (TLFUS) transducers in the presence of intravenous microbubbles. Methods. Intravenous perfluorocarbon-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin (PESDA) microbubbles were infused or given as a bolus injection while TLFUS was applied in the standard parasternal and apical views with either a 1-MHz therapeutic ultrasound transducer or high-mechanical-index diagnostic ultrasound (1.7 MHz). Results. Significantly more ectopy was produced by the therapeutic transducer, especially at higher-intensity settings in the continuous wave mode after bolus injections of PESDA (P < .001 compared with lower intensities and lower continuous infusion rates). Six patients (15%) had either clinical supraventricular tachycardia or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia after intravenous PESDA with therapeutic TLFUS. In comparison, diagnostic high-mechanical-index ultrasound produced only isolated ventricular ectopy and no sustained ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusions. Intravenously injected microbubbles and low-frequency therapeutic transducers operating at longer duty cycles and wide beam widths have the capability of eliciting clinically important arrhythmias in patients at high risk for such events.

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KW - Echocardiography

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