Incidence and population density of plant-parasitic nematodes on golf courses in Ontario and Québec, Canada

Louis Simard, Guy Bélair, Thomas O Powers, Nicolas Tremblay, Julie Dionne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thirty-eight golf courses from different climatic areas located in Ontario and Québec, Canada, were surveyed for plantparasitic nematodes on greens, fairways, and roughs in 2002 and 2003. Sixteen, 15 and 12 genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were found on golf greens, fairways and roughs, respectively. Roughs showed higher Simpson's D diversity indexes as compared to greens and fairways. Linear regression model comparing plant-parasitic nematode (all genera) abundance as a function of spatial coordinates showed difference (P = 0.05) along a north-south axis and no difference (P > 0.05) along an east-west axis. Pratylenchus was the most frequent genus recovered on greens and fairways, whereas Tylenchus was the most common on roughs. Among the genus Pralylenchus, P. crenatus was frequent and widespread, whereas P. penetrans and P. thornei were uncommon. The principal component analysis showed that nematode are related mostly to soil chemical (pH, P, K, O.M.) rather than physical (sand, silt) parameters. Overall, the correlations between soil parameters and nematode counts were low, particularly for Heterodera, Mesocriconema, Paratylenchus and Psilenchus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-251
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nematology
Volume40
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

golf courses
plant parasitic nematodes
Ontario
population density
Nematoda
Canada
incidence
Pratylenchus crenatus
Tylenchus
Mesocriconema
Paratylenchus
Heterodera
Pratylenchus
silt
soil
principal component analysis
sand

Keywords

  • Ecology
  • Golf course
  • Plant-parasitic nematode
  • Soil parameter
  • Survey
  • Turfgrass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Incidence and population density of plant-parasitic nematodes on golf courses in Ontario and Québec, Canada. / Simard, Louis; Bélair, Guy; Powers, Thomas O; Tremblay, Nicolas; Dionne, Julie.

In: Journal of Nematology, Vol. 40, No. 4, 01.12.2008, p. 241-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Simard, Louis ; Bélair, Guy ; Powers, Thomas O ; Tremblay, Nicolas ; Dionne, Julie. / Incidence and population density of plant-parasitic nematodes on golf courses in Ontario and Québec, Canada. In: Journal of Nematology. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 241-251.
@article{3113107757fc40649a1dcdc22f2043c3,
title = "Incidence and population density of plant-parasitic nematodes on golf courses in Ontario and Qu{\'e}bec, Canada",
abstract = "Thirty-eight golf courses from different climatic areas located in Ontario and Qu{\'e}bec, Canada, were surveyed for plantparasitic nematodes on greens, fairways, and roughs in 2002 and 2003. Sixteen, 15 and 12 genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were found on golf greens, fairways and roughs, respectively. Roughs showed higher Simpson's D diversity indexes as compared to greens and fairways. Linear regression model comparing plant-parasitic nematode (all genera) abundance as a function of spatial coordinates showed difference (P = 0.05) along a north-south axis and no difference (P > 0.05) along an east-west axis. Pratylenchus was the most frequent genus recovered on greens and fairways, whereas Tylenchus was the most common on roughs. Among the genus Pralylenchus, P. crenatus was frequent and widespread, whereas P. penetrans and P. thornei were uncommon. The principal component analysis showed that nematode are related mostly to soil chemical (pH, P, K, O.M.) rather than physical (sand, silt) parameters. Overall, the correlations between soil parameters and nematode counts were low, particularly for Heterodera, Mesocriconema, Paratylenchus and Psilenchus.",
keywords = "Ecology, Golf course, Plant-parasitic nematode, Soil parameter, Survey, Turfgrass",
author = "Louis Simard and Guy B{\'e}lair and Powers, {Thomas O} and Nicolas Tremblay and Julie Dionne",
year = "2008",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "241--251",
journal = "Journal of Nematology",
issn = "0022-300X",
publisher = "Society of Nematologists",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incidence and population density of plant-parasitic nematodes on golf courses in Ontario and Québec, Canada

AU - Simard, Louis

AU - Bélair, Guy

AU - Powers, Thomas O

AU - Tremblay, Nicolas

AU - Dionne, Julie

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Thirty-eight golf courses from different climatic areas located in Ontario and Québec, Canada, were surveyed for plantparasitic nematodes on greens, fairways, and roughs in 2002 and 2003. Sixteen, 15 and 12 genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were found on golf greens, fairways and roughs, respectively. Roughs showed higher Simpson's D diversity indexes as compared to greens and fairways. Linear regression model comparing plant-parasitic nematode (all genera) abundance as a function of spatial coordinates showed difference (P = 0.05) along a north-south axis and no difference (P > 0.05) along an east-west axis. Pratylenchus was the most frequent genus recovered on greens and fairways, whereas Tylenchus was the most common on roughs. Among the genus Pralylenchus, P. crenatus was frequent and widespread, whereas P. penetrans and P. thornei were uncommon. The principal component analysis showed that nematode are related mostly to soil chemical (pH, P, K, O.M.) rather than physical (sand, silt) parameters. Overall, the correlations between soil parameters and nematode counts were low, particularly for Heterodera, Mesocriconema, Paratylenchus and Psilenchus.

AB - Thirty-eight golf courses from different climatic areas located in Ontario and Québec, Canada, were surveyed for plantparasitic nematodes on greens, fairways, and roughs in 2002 and 2003. Sixteen, 15 and 12 genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were found on golf greens, fairways and roughs, respectively. Roughs showed higher Simpson's D diversity indexes as compared to greens and fairways. Linear regression model comparing plant-parasitic nematode (all genera) abundance as a function of spatial coordinates showed difference (P = 0.05) along a north-south axis and no difference (P > 0.05) along an east-west axis. Pratylenchus was the most frequent genus recovered on greens and fairways, whereas Tylenchus was the most common on roughs. Among the genus Pralylenchus, P. crenatus was frequent and widespread, whereas P. penetrans and P. thornei were uncommon. The principal component analysis showed that nematode are related mostly to soil chemical (pH, P, K, O.M.) rather than physical (sand, silt) parameters. Overall, the correlations between soil parameters and nematode counts were low, particularly for Heterodera, Mesocriconema, Paratylenchus and Psilenchus.

KW - Ecology

KW - Golf course

KW - Plant-parasitic nematode

KW - Soil parameter

KW - Survey

KW - Turfgrass

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=69549107713&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=69549107713&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 241

EP - 251

JO - Journal of Nematology

JF - Journal of Nematology

SN - 0022-300X

IS - 4

ER -