Inactivation of Rb and E2f8 synergizes to trigger stressed DNA replication during erythroid terminal differentiation

Seda Ghazaryan, Chandler Sy, Tinghui Hu, Xiuli An, Narla Mohandas, Haiqing Fu, Mirit I. Aladjem, Victor T. Chang, Rene Opavsky, Lizhao Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rb is critical for promoting cell cycle exit in cells undergoing terminal differentiation. Here we show that during erythroid terminal differentiation, Rb plays a previously unappreciated and unorthodox role in promoting DNA replication and cell cycle progression. Specifically, inactivation of Rb in erythroid cells led to stressed DNA replication, increased DNA damage, and impaired cell cycle progression, culminating in defective terminal differentiation and anemia. Importantly, all of these defects associated with Rb loss were exacerbated by the concomitant inactivation of E2f8. Gene expression profiling and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) revealed that Rb and E2F8 cosuppressed a large array of E2F target genes that are critical for DNA replication and cell cycle progression. Remarkably, inactivation of E2f2 rescued the erythropoietic defects resulting from Rb and E2f8 deficiencies. Interestingly, real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) on E2F2 ChIPs indicated that inactivation of Rb and E2f8 synergizes to increase E2F2 binding to its target gene promoters. Taken together, we propose that Rb and E2F8 collaborate to promote DNA replication and erythroid terminal differentiation by preventing E2F2-mediated aberrant transcriptional activation through the ability of Rb to bind and sequester E2F2 and the ability of E2F8 to compete with E2F2 for E2f-binding sites on target gene promoters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2833-2847
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume34
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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DNA Replication
Cell Cycle
Genes
Erythroid Cells
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
Gene Expression Profiling
Transcriptional Activation
DNA Damage
Anemia
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Binding Sites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Inactivation of Rb and E2f8 synergizes to trigger stressed DNA replication during erythroid terminal differentiation. / Ghazaryan, Seda; Sy, Chandler; Hu, Tinghui; An, Xiuli; Mohandas, Narla; Fu, Haiqing; Aladjem, Mirit I.; Chang, Victor T.; Opavsky, Rene; Wu, Lizhao.

In: Molecular and cellular biology, Vol. 34, No. 15, 2014, p. 2833-2847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghazaryan, S, Sy, C, Hu, T, An, X, Mohandas, N, Fu, H, Aladjem, MI, Chang, VT, Opavsky, R & Wu, L 2014, 'Inactivation of Rb and E2f8 synergizes to trigger stressed DNA replication during erythroid terminal differentiation', Molecular and cellular biology, vol. 34, no. 15, pp. 2833-2847. https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.01651-13
Ghazaryan, Seda ; Sy, Chandler ; Hu, Tinghui ; An, Xiuli ; Mohandas, Narla ; Fu, Haiqing ; Aladjem, Mirit I. ; Chang, Victor T. ; Opavsky, Rene ; Wu, Lizhao. / Inactivation of Rb and E2f8 synergizes to trigger stressed DNA replication during erythroid terminal differentiation. In: Molecular and cellular biology. 2014 ; Vol. 34, No. 15. pp. 2833-2847.
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