In vivo studies of adenovirus-mediated p53 gene therapy for cis-platinum-resistant human ovarian tumor xenografts

Kaimei Song, Kenneth H. Cowan, Birandra K. Sinha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have recently reported that mutations of the tumor suppressor p53 gene are associated with the development of resistance to as-platinum in human ovarian cancer cells, and that adenovirus-mediated reintroduction of the wild-type p53 (wtp53) gene in ovarian tumor cells resulted in the sensitization of tumor cells to râ-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether IP treatment of CDDP-resistant tumor cells expressing mutant p53 (mutp53) with a recombinant adenovirus expressing wtp53 (Adwtp53) would result in the sensitization of resistant cells to CDDP. In order to determine whether IP injection of a recombinant adenovirus would result in expression of the transgene in tumor cells growing intraperitoneally, we first injected A2780/CP cells in nude mice and 10 days later the mice were injected IP with a recombinant adenovirus expressing -galactosidase (Ad-gal). Twenty-four hours following IP injection of Ad-gal, tumors were removed and stained for -gal. While tumors showed extensive staining for -gal, indicating internalization of adenovirus and the expression of the transgene in tumors, no expression of -gal protein was detected in liver. IP treatment of A2780/CP tumor xenografts with Adwtp53 caused extensive tumor cell death, which was further enhanced by CDDP. Treatment with Adwtp53 (5 x 107 pfu/day, 3-5 treatments) resulted in a significant decrease in tumor volume and increase in animal survival compared to either no treatment or treatment with vector alone without p53 gene. Additional therapy with CDDP (1 mg/kg/day × 3-4) further reduced tumor volume and increased survival (30-40%), suggesting that combination therapy of Adwtp53 and CDDP was better than single agents alone. Our results indicate that IP dosing with adenovirus-mediated wtp53 gene therapy could be beneficial in combination with CDDP for the treatment of ovarian tumors expressing mutp53.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Research
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Adenovirus
  • Cis-piatinum
  • Combination gene therapy
  • Drug resistance
  • Gene therapy
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • P53 gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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