Improvement in cerebral function with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder

Michael J. Roy, Jennifer Francis, Joshua Friedlander, Lisa Banks-Williams, Raymond G. Lande, Patricia Taylor, James Blair, Jennifer Mclellan, Wendy Law, Vanita Tarpley, Ivy Patt, Henry Yu, Alan Mallinger, Joann Difede, Albert Rizzo, Barbara Rothbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are signature illnesses of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, but current diagnostic and therapeutic measures for these conditions are suboptimal. In our study, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is used to try to differentiate military service members with: PTSD and mTBI, PTSD alone, mTBI alone, and neither PTSD nor mTBI. Those with PTSD are then randomized to virtual reality exposure therapy or imaginal exposure. fMRI is repeated after treatment and along with the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scores to compare with baseline. Twenty subjects have completed baseline fMRI scans, including four controls and one mTBI only; of 15 treated for PTSD, eight completed posttreatment scans. Most subjects have been male (93%) and Caucasian (83%), with a mean age of 34. Significant improvements are evident on fMRI scans, and corroborated by CGI scores, but CAPS scores improvements are modest. In conclusion, CGI scores and fMRI scans indicate significant improvement in PTSD in both treatment arms, though CAPS score improvements are less robust.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1208
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Brain
Brain Concussion
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Virtual reality
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
Cerebral Function
Afghanistan
Iraq
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Traumatic Brain Injury

Keywords

  • Combat stress
  • Exposure therapy
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Roy, M. J., Francis, J., Friedlander, J., Banks-Williams, L., Lande, R. G., Taylor, P., ... Rothbaum, B. (2010). Improvement in cerebral function with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1208(1), 142-149. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05689.x

Improvement in cerebral function with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. / Roy, Michael J.; Francis, Jennifer; Friedlander, Joshua; Banks-Williams, Lisa; Lande, Raymond G.; Taylor, Patricia; Blair, James; Mclellan, Jennifer; Law, Wendy; Tarpley, Vanita; Patt, Ivy; Yu, Henry; Mallinger, Alan; Difede, Joann; Rizzo, Albert; Rothbaum, Barbara.

In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1208, No. 1, 10.2010, p. 142-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roy, MJ, Francis, J, Friedlander, J, Banks-Williams, L, Lande, RG, Taylor, P, Blair, J, Mclellan, J, Law, W, Tarpley, V, Patt, I, Yu, H, Mallinger, A, Difede, J, Rizzo, A & Rothbaum, B 2010, 'Improvement in cerebral function with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder', Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1208, no. 1, pp. 142-149. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05689.x
Roy, Michael J. ; Francis, Jennifer ; Friedlander, Joshua ; Banks-Williams, Lisa ; Lande, Raymond G. ; Taylor, Patricia ; Blair, James ; Mclellan, Jennifer ; Law, Wendy ; Tarpley, Vanita ; Patt, Ivy ; Yu, Henry ; Mallinger, Alan ; Difede, Joann ; Rizzo, Albert ; Rothbaum, Barbara. / Improvement in cerebral function with treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2010 ; Vol. 1208, No. 1. pp. 142-149.
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