Improved mechanism of polyester dyeing with disperse dyes in finite dyebath

Bingnan Mu, Helan Xu, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new sorption mechanism of polyester dyeing with disperse dyes in water is proposed. It is considered dye aggregates could not be sorbed unless they turn into single molecules. However, this theory could not explain numerous sorption phenomena: sorption continues when equilibrium dye concentration exceeds its solubility; dyeing at long liquor ratio, using microencapsulated or crystal-modified dyes do not change concentration of single dye molecules or dye solubility, but increase sorption rate and quantity in a fixed time. We demonstrate that both single and aggregated dye molecules could be sorbed using CI Disperse Blue 56. Because of the large size and low diffusion rate, dye aggregates could temporarily block sorption channel and prevent entry of other dyes. Therefore, only using extra more dyes could get a dark colour. Series of approaches could be proposed to reduce or eliminate the sorption problems caused by aggregates using the new sorption mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalColoration Technology
Volume133
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

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Polyesters
Dyeing
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Sorption
Molecules
Solubility
Color
Crystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Improved mechanism of polyester dyeing with disperse dyes in finite dyebath. / Mu, Bingnan; Xu, Helan; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Coloration Technology, Vol. 133, No. 5, 10.2017, p. 415-422.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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