Impaired reversal but intact acquisition: Probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy

Salima Budhani, Rebecca A. Richell, R. James R. Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward-punishment contingencies (100-0 and 80-20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward-punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus on the subsequent presentation of that stimulus. Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)552-558
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume115
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Punishment
Reward
Psychopathy
Stimulus
Impairment
Contingency

Keywords

  • Fear dysfunction position
  • Integrated emotion systems model
  • Psychopathy
  • Response reversal
  • Reward-punishment contingencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Impaired reversal but intact acquisition : Probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy. / Budhani, Salima; Richell, Rebecca A.; Blair, R. James R.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 115, No. 3, 08.2006, p. 552-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e1a6e8d7110c4d668fb0a7234847342e,
title = "Impaired reversal but intact acquisition: Probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy",
abstract = "The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward-punishment contingencies (100-0 and 80-20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward-punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus on the subsequent presentation of that stimulus. Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy.",
keywords = "Fear dysfunction position, Integrated emotion systems model, Psychopathy, Response reversal, Reward-punishment contingencies",
author = "Salima Budhani and Richell, {Rebecca A.} and Blair, {R. James R.}",
year = "2006",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1037/0021-843X.115.3.552",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "115",
pages = "552--558",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Psychology",
issn = "0021-843X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impaired reversal but intact acquisition

T2 - Probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy

AU - Budhani, Salima

AU - Richell, Rebecca A.

AU - Blair, R. James R.

PY - 2006/8

Y1 - 2006/8

N2 - The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward-punishment contingencies (100-0 and 80-20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward-punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus on the subsequent presentation of that stimulus. Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy.

AB - The performance of adult psychopathic individuals on a novel response reversal task involving 2 reward-punishment contingencies (100-0 and 80-20) was investigated. In line with predictions, adults with psychopathy presented with impairment on the response reversal component but not on the acquisition component of this task. This selective impairment for response reversal was seen for both reward-punishment contingencies and was related to the tendency of individuals with psychopathy to be less likely to stay with a rewarded correct response to a stimulus on the subsequent presentation of that stimulus. Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy.

KW - Fear dysfunction position

KW - Integrated emotion systems model

KW - Psychopathy

KW - Response reversal

KW - Reward-punishment contingencies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748865040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33748865040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0021-843X.115.3.552

DO - 10.1037/0021-843X.115.3.552

M3 - Article

C2 - 16866595

AN - SCOPUS:33748865040

VL - 115

SP - 552

EP - 558

JO - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

SN - 0021-843X

IS - 3

ER -