Mixed neuronal-glial tumors are rare and challenging to subclassify. One recently recognized variant, papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT), is characterized by prominent pseudopapillary structures and glioneuronal elements. We identified a novel translocation, t(9;17)(q31;q24), as the sole karyotypic anomaly in two PGNTs. A fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-based positional cloning strategy revealed SLC44A1, a member of the choline transporter-like protein family, and PRKCA, a protein kinase C family member of serine/threonine-specific protein kinases, as the 9q31 and 17q24 breakpoint candidate genes, respectively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis using a forward primer from SLC44A1 exon 5 and a reverse primer from PRKCA exon 10 confirmed the presence of a SLC44A1-PRKCA fusion product in both tumors. Sequencing of each chimeric transcript uncovered an identical fusion cDNA junction occurring between SLC44A1 exon 15 and PRKCA exon 9. A dual-color breakpoint-spanning probe set custom-designed for interphase cell recognition of the translocation event identified the fusion in a third PGNT. These results suggest that the t(9;17)(q31;q24) with the resultant novel fusion oncogene SLC44A1-PRKCA is the defining molecular feature of PGNT that may be responsible for its pathogenesis. The FISH and RT-PCR assays developed in this study can serve as valuable diagnostic adjuncts for this rare disease entity.
- fusion gene
- papillary glioneuronal tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology