How to study a matrix

Dharmananda Jairam, Kenneth A. Kiewra, Douglas F. Kauffman, Ruomeng Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated how best to study a matrix. Fifty-three participants studied a matrix topically (1 column at a time), categorically (1 row at a time), or in a unified way (all at once). Results revealed that categorical and unified study produced higher: (a) performance on relationship and fact tests, (b) study material satisfaction, and (c) associative strategy use than topical study. A supplemental study examined the benefits of adding signals to the unified matrix. Results showed that signaling produced greater use of global associative strategies and greater learning of global relationships. Findings were explained with respect to cognitive load theory. Implications for studying matrices were as follows: (1) do not just study a matrix topically, (2) study a matrix categorically, and (3) study a matrix in a unified way, but do so in a way that fosters comparative associations across multiple topics and categories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

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study materials
Learning
learning
performance
time

Keywords

  • Graphic organizer
  • Learning
  • Matrix
  • Study skills
  • Study strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Jairam, D., Kiewra, K. A., Kauffman, D. F., & Zhao, R. (2012). How to study a matrix. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 37(2), 128-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2011.10.003

How to study a matrix. / Jairam, Dharmananda; Kiewra, Kenneth A.; Kauffman, Douglas F.; Zhao, Ruomeng.

In: Contemporary Educational Psychology, Vol. 37, No. 2, 01.04.2012, p. 128-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jairam, D, Kiewra, KA, Kauffman, DF & Zhao, R 2012, 'How to study a matrix', Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 128-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2011.10.003
Jairam D, Kiewra KA, Kauffman DF, Zhao R. How to study a matrix. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2012 Apr 1;37(2):128-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2011.10.003
Jairam, Dharmananda ; Kiewra, Kenneth A. ; Kauffman, Douglas F. ; Zhao, Ruomeng. / How to study a matrix. In: Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 128-135.
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