How social reactions to alcohol-related facial flushing are affected by gender, relationship, and drinking purposes

Implications for education to reduce aerodigestive cancer risks

Ian M Newman, Lanyan Ding, Duane F. Shell, Lida Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alcohol-related facial flushing is a sign of compromised alcohol metabolism and increased risk of certain cancers. This project examined how facial flushing might be used to reduce alcohol use to lower cancer risks. Interviews with Chinese university students identified gender, friendship, and drinking purpose as important variables related to whether someone would encourage a person who flushes when drinking alcohol to stop or reduce their drinking. A questionnaire was developed that incorporated these variables into 24 drinking scenarios in which someone flushed while drinking. Students responded whether they would (a) encourage the flusher to stop or drink less, (b) do nothing while wishing they could, or (c) do nothing because there was no need. Analysis of survey responses from 2912 university students showed a three-way interaction of the variables and implied that the probability students will intervene when a drinker flushes was highest when the flusher was a female, a close friend, and the drinking purpose was for fun and lowest if the flusher was a male, the friendship was general, and the drinking purpose was risky. The results provide important details about the social factors affecting how other people respond to a person who flushes when drinking alcohol. This information is useful for those considering ways to reduce and prevent aerodigestive cancers through education and information programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number622
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 9 2017

Fingerprint

Drinking
Alcohols
Education
Students
Neoplasms
Alcohol Drinking
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • ALD
  • ALDH
  • Alcohol
  • China
  • Drinking
  • Flushing
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "How social reactions to alcohol-related facial flushing are affected by gender, relationship, and drinking purposes: Implications for education to reduce aerodigestive cancer risks",
abstract = "Alcohol-related facial flushing is a sign of compromised alcohol metabolism and increased risk of certain cancers. This project examined how facial flushing might be used to reduce alcohol use to lower cancer risks. Interviews with Chinese university students identified gender, friendship, and drinking purpose as important variables related to whether someone would encourage a person who flushes when drinking alcohol to stop or reduce their drinking. A questionnaire was developed that incorporated these variables into 24 drinking scenarios in which someone flushed while drinking. Students responded whether they would (a) encourage the flusher to stop or drink less, (b) do nothing while wishing they could, or (c) do nothing because there was no need. Analysis of survey responses from 2912 university students showed a three-way interaction of the variables and implied that the probability students will intervene when a drinker flushes was highest when the flusher was a female, a close friend, and the drinking purpose was for fun and lowest if the flusher was a male, the friendship was general, and the drinking purpose was risky. The results provide important details about the social factors affecting how other people respond to a person who flushes when drinking alcohol. This information is useful for those considering ways to reduce and prevent aerodigestive cancers through education and information programs.",
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