Household food insecurity as a determinant of overweight and obesity among low-income Hispanic subgroups

Data from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey

Teresa M. Smith, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Courtney Pinard, Amy L. Yaroch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An estimated 78% of Hispanics in the United States (US) are overweight or obese. Household food insecurity, a condition of limited or uncertain access to adequate food, has been associated with obesity rates among Hispanic adults in the US. However, the Hispanic group is multi-ethnic and therefore associations between obesity and food insecurity may not be constant across Hispanic country of origin subgroups. This study sought to determine if the association between obesity and food insecurity among Hispanics is modified by Hispanic ancestry across low-income (≤200% of poverty level) adults living in California. Data are from the cross-sectional 2011-12 California Health Interview Survey (n = 5498). Rates of overweight or obesity (BMI ≥ 25), Calfresh receipt (California's Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program), and acculturation were examined for differences across subgroups. Weighted multiple logistic regressions examined if household food insecurity was significantly associated with overweight or obesity and modified by country of origin after controlling for age, education, marital status, country of birth (US vs. outside of US), language spoken at home, and Calfresh receipt (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalAppetite
Volume97
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

Food Supply
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans
Obesity
Interviews
Food Assistance
Acculturation
Marital Status
Poverty
Language
Logistic Models
Parturition
Education
Food

Keywords

  • California Health Interview Survey
  • Food insecurity
  • Hispanic
  • Mexican American
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Household food insecurity as a determinant of overweight and obesity among low-income Hispanic subgroups : Data from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey. / Smith, Teresa M.; Colón-Ramos, Uriyoán; Pinard, Courtney; Yaroch, Amy L.

In: Appetite, Vol. 97, 01.02.2016, p. 37-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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