Hospital admission medication reconciliation in medically complex children: An observational study

Bryan L. Stone, Sabrina Boehme, Michael B. Mundorff, Christopher G. Maloney, Rajendu Srivastava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate admission medication reconciliation in children with medically complex conditions (MCC) by determining the availability and accuracy of five information sources and characterising admitting order errors. Design: Prospective quality improvement cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care free-standing children's hospital in the Intermountain west, USA. Participants: 23 children with MCC identified from 219 admissions between 16 December 2004 and 7 January 2005. Intervention: Medication reconciliation at hospital admission using information from five sources. Main outcomes: The accuracy of information sources was determined by sensitivity and specificity compared with verified outpatient medication lists. Errors were determined by comparing admitting orders with reconciled inpatient medication lists and categorised by frequency, type and clinical risk. Results: Children with MCC averaged 5.3 chronic medications. The reconciliation process took an average of 90 min. Availability/sensitivity/specificity respectively were parents 52%/0.75/0.96, pharmacy 61%/0.64/0.74, primary provider 43%/0.25/0.86, last admission electronic health record 87%/0.74/0.33 and admitting history 65%/0.31/0.94. Thirty-nine errors were identified in 182 admission medications (21%) including 17 omissions, affecting 13 patients (57%). The estimated clinical risk, if an adverse drug event had occurred, was serious or life-threatening in five instances. Conclusions: In children with MCC admitted at our institution during the study period, no medication information source was optimally available, sensitive and specific. Admitting order medication errors affected more than half of patients, the most common being omissions. Efforts to improve medication reconciliation at hospital admission in this population must account for availability and accuracy of information sources and medication omissions at the time of hospital admission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-255
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

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Medication Reconciliation
Observational Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Medication Errors
Electronic Health Records
Tertiary Healthcare
Quality Improvement
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Inpatients
Cohort Studies
Outpatients
Parents
History
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Hospital admission medication reconciliation in medically complex children : An observational study. / Stone, Bryan L.; Boehme, Sabrina; Mundorff, Michael B.; Maloney, Christopher G.; Srivastava, Rajendu.

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood, Vol. 95, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 250-255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stone, Bryan L. ; Boehme, Sabrina ; Mundorff, Michael B. ; Maloney, Christopher G. ; Srivastava, Rajendu. / Hospital admission medication reconciliation in medically complex children : An observational study. In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2010 ; Vol. 95, No. 4. pp. 250-255.
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abstract = "Objective: To evaluate admission medication reconciliation in children with medically complex conditions (MCC) by determining the availability and accuracy of five information sources and characterising admitting order errors. Design: Prospective quality improvement cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care free-standing children's hospital in the Intermountain west, USA. Participants: 23 children with MCC identified from 219 admissions between 16 December 2004 and 7 January 2005. Intervention: Medication reconciliation at hospital admission using information from five sources. Main outcomes: The accuracy of information sources was determined by sensitivity and specificity compared with verified outpatient medication lists. Errors were determined by comparing admitting orders with reconciled inpatient medication lists and categorised by frequency, type and clinical risk. Results: Children with MCC averaged 5.3 chronic medications. The reconciliation process took an average of 90 min. Availability/sensitivity/specificity respectively were parents 52{\%}/0.75/0.96, pharmacy 61{\%}/0.64/0.74, primary provider 43{\%}/0.25/0.86, last admission electronic health record 87{\%}/0.74/0.33 and admitting history 65{\%}/0.31/0.94. Thirty-nine errors were identified in 182 admission medications (21{\%}) including 17 omissions, affecting 13 patients (57{\%}). The estimated clinical risk, if an adverse drug event had occurred, was serious or life-threatening in five instances. Conclusions: In children with MCC admitted at our institution during the study period, no medication information source was optimally available, sensitive and specific. Admitting order medication errors affected more than half of patients, the most common being omissions. Efforts to improve medication reconciliation at hospital admission in this population must account for availability and accuracy of information sources and medication omissions at the time of hospital admission.",
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