Homopolymer and multi-block Diels-Alder polyphenylenes: Synthesis, physical properties, X-ray diffraction, and gas transport

Timothy Largier, Fei Huang, Christopher J Cornelius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A gas transport and X-ray structural analysis is reported for a methylated poly(phenylene) (MPP) and non-methylated poly(phenylene) (PP) homopolymer, a random copolymer, and MPP-PP block copolymers synthesized using Diels-Alder chemistry. These highly rigid and aromatic polymers display Tg's of 400 °C and 382 °C for PP and MPP. Multi-block copolymerization of PP and MPP had a significant effect on the spatial arrangement of polymer chains as revealed by changes in the X-ray diffraction amorphous peak. The membranes displayed a narrower fractional free volume (FFV) from 0.288 to 0.304. The gas permeability, solubility, diffusivity and selectivity data for He, H2, O2, CO2, N2, and CH4 were determined for this polymer series. Gas permeability variation between PP and MPP was 1.5% for H2 (134 Barrers) and 16% for N2 (7.11 Barrers). However, the multi-block MPP-PP-B2 led to permeability increases between 22.4% for H2 (164 Barrers) and 61.7% for N2 (11.5 Barrers). This work reveals clear relationships between the ordering of the amorphous region and gas diffusivity and solubility. The permselectivity trade-off did not correlate well to gas kinetic diameter (KD), polymer chemistry or composition, and depended largely on the gas pair. This poly(phenylene) family displayed high permeability and moderate ideal gas selectivity that were near the upper bound. Permselectivity results are compared to polyphenylene oxide (PO), functionalized PO using ([sbnd]NH2 and [sbnd]NO2), 6FDA-DABA, and 6FDA-mPDA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-310
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume89
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Fingerprint

massively parallel processors
gas transport
Homopolymerization
Physical properties
physical properties
Gases
X ray diffraction
Polyphenylene oxides
Polymers
Gas permeability
permeability
synthesis
diffraction
gases
x rays
Solubility
Aromatic polymers
Kinetic theory of gases
diffusivity
Free volume

Keywords

  • Fractional free volume
  • Gas transport
  • Homopolymer and multi-block polyphenylene
  • Physical properties
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Homopolymer and multi-block Diels-Alder polyphenylenes : Synthesis, physical properties, X-ray diffraction, and gas transport. / Largier, Timothy; Huang, Fei; Cornelius, Christopher J.

In: European Polymer Journal, Vol. 89, 01.04.2017, p. 301-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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