Home Range, Body Condition, and Survival of Rehabilitated Raccoons (Procyon lotor) During Their First Winter

Molly McWilliams, James A. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of raccoon (Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and those who have been rehabilitated. Prewinter body condition did not differ between wild and rehabilitated raccoons, but there was a trend for rehabilitated raccoons to have better body conditions. There was no difference between wild and rehabilitated raccoon adaptive kernel (AK) home range for 95% and 90% AK home ranges, or for core (50% AK) use areas. There was no sex difference in distance traveled from the release site within rehabilitated raccoons. However, rehabilitated raccoons were found significantly closer (49.4 ± 4.7 m) to manmade structures than wild raccoons (92.2 ± 14.4 m), and female raccoons were found significantly closer (64.8 ± 4.5 m) to manmade structures than male raccoons (72.3 ± 17.6 m). The results of this study indicate that raccoons can be successfully rehabilitated, but they may occupy habitat closer to manmade structures than wild raccoons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-152
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

Fingerprint

Homing Behavior
Raccoons
Procyon lotor
body condition
winter
manmade structures
home range
Rehabilitation
seeds

Keywords

  • Home range
  • Northern raccoon
  • Procyon lotor
  • Rehabilitation
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Home Range, Body Condition, and Survival of Rehabilitated Raccoons (Procyon lotor) During Their First Winter. / McWilliams, Molly; Wilson, James A.

In: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, Vol. 18, No. 2, 03.04.2015, p. 133-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b29ab7549fd3423da164d81f19f9a257,
title = "Home Range, Body Condition, and Survival of Rehabilitated Raccoons (Procyon lotor) During Their First Winter",
abstract = "The effects of raccoon (Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and those who have been rehabilitated. Prewinter body condition did not differ between wild and rehabilitated raccoons, but there was a trend for rehabilitated raccoons to have better body conditions. There was no difference between wild and rehabilitated raccoon adaptive kernel (AK) home range for 95{\%} and 90{\%} AK home ranges, or for core (50{\%} AK) use areas. There was no sex difference in distance traveled from the release site within rehabilitated raccoons. However, rehabilitated raccoons were found significantly closer (49.4 ± 4.7 m) to manmade structures than wild raccoons (92.2 ± 14.4 m), and female raccoons were found significantly closer (64.8 ± 4.5 m) to manmade structures than male raccoons (72.3 ± 17.6 m). The results of this study indicate that raccoons can be successfully rehabilitated, but they may occupy habitat closer to manmade structures than wild raccoons.",
keywords = "Home range, Northern raccoon, Procyon lotor, Rehabilitation, Survival",
author = "Molly McWilliams and Wilson, {James A.}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/10888705.2014.950733",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "133--152",
journal = "Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science",
issn = "1088-8705",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Home Range, Body Condition, and Survival of Rehabilitated Raccoons (Procyon lotor) During Their First Winter

AU - McWilliams, Molly

AU - Wilson, James A.

PY - 2015/4/3

Y1 - 2015/4/3

N2 - The effects of raccoon (Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and those who have been rehabilitated. Prewinter body condition did not differ between wild and rehabilitated raccoons, but there was a trend for rehabilitated raccoons to have better body conditions. There was no difference between wild and rehabilitated raccoon adaptive kernel (AK) home range for 95% and 90% AK home ranges, or for core (50% AK) use areas. There was no sex difference in distance traveled from the release site within rehabilitated raccoons. However, rehabilitated raccoons were found significantly closer (49.4 ± 4.7 m) to manmade structures than wild raccoons (92.2 ± 14.4 m), and female raccoons were found significantly closer (64.8 ± 4.5 m) to manmade structures than male raccoons (72.3 ± 17.6 m). The results of this study indicate that raccoons can be successfully rehabilitated, but they may occupy habitat closer to manmade structures than wild raccoons.

AB - The effects of raccoon (Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and those who have been rehabilitated. Prewinter body condition did not differ between wild and rehabilitated raccoons, but there was a trend for rehabilitated raccoons to have better body conditions. There was no difference between wild and rehabilitated raccoon adaptive kernel (AK) home range for 95% and 90% AK home ranges, or for core (50% AK) use areas. There was no sex difference in distance traveled from the release site within rehabilitated raccoons. However, rehabilitated raccoons were found significantly closer (49.4 ± 4.7 m) to manmade structures than wild raccoons (92.2 ± 14.4 m), and female raccoons were found significantly closer (64.8 ± 4.5 m) to manmade structures than male raccoons (72.3 ± 17.6 m). The results of this study indicate that raccoons can be successfully rehabilitated, but they may occupy habitat closer to manmade structures than wild raccoons.

KW - Home range

KW - Northern raccoon

KW - Procyon lotor

KW - Rehabilitation

KW - Survival

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926407027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926407027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10888705.2014.950733

DO - 10.1080/10888705.2014.950733

M3 - Article

C2 - 25257398

AN - SCOPUS:84926407027

VL - 18

SP - 133

EP - 152

JO - Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science

JF - Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science

SN - 1088-8705

IS - 2

ER -