Historical vignettes of the thyroid gland

Daniel Lydiatt, Gregory S. Bucher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although "glands" in the neck corresponding to the thyroid were known for thousands of years, they were mainly considered pathological when encountered. Recognition of the thyroid gland as an anatomical and physiological entity required human dissection, which began in earnest in the 16th century. Leonardo Da Vinci is generally credited as the first to draw the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ. The drawings were subsequently "lost" to medicine for nearly 260 years. The drawings were probably of a nonhuman specimen. Da Vinci vowed to produce an anatomical atlas, but it was never completed. Michelangelo Buonarroti promised to complete drawings for the anatomical work of Realdus Columbus, De Re Anatomica, but these were also never completed. Andreas Vesalius established the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ with his description and drawings in the Fabrica. The thyroid was still depicted in a nonhuman form during this time. The copper etchings of Bartholomew Eustachius made in the 1560s were obviously of humans, but were not actually published until 1714 with a description by Johannes Maria Lancisius. These etchings also depicted some interesting anatomy, which we describe. The Adenographia by Thomas Wharton in 1656 named the thyroid gland for the first time and more fully described it. The book also attempted to assign a function to the gland. The thyroid gland's interesting history thus touches a number of famous men from diverse backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Fingerprint

Thyroid Gland
Atlases
Touch
Dissection
Copper
Anatomy
Neck
History
Medicine

Keywords

  • gland
  • history thyroid gland
  • thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Historical vignettes of the thyroid gland. / Lydiatt, Daniel; Bucher, Gregory S.

In: Clinical Anatomy, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lydiatt, D & Bucher, GS 2011, 'Historical vignettes of the thyroid gland', Clinical Anatomy, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.21073
Lydiatt, Daniel ; Bucher, Gregory S. / Historical vignettes of the thyroid gland. In: Clinical Anatomy. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 1-9.
@article{c688d19b29b648eba71f2ab44d3b2026,
title = "Historical vignettes of the thyroid gland",
abstract = "Although {"}glands{"} in the neck corresponding to the thyroid were known for thousands of years, they were mainly considered pathological when encountered. Recognition of the thyroid gland as an anatomical and physiological entity required human dissection, which began in earnest in the 16th century. Leonardo Da Vinci is generally credited as the first to draw the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ. The drawings were subsequently {"}lost{"} to medicine for nearly 260 years. The drawings were probably of a nonhuman specimen. Da Vinci vowed to produce an anatomical atlas, but it was never completed. Michelangelo Buonarroti promised to complete drawings for the anatomical work of Realdus Columbus, De Re Anatomica, but these were also never completed. Andreas Vesalius established the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ with his description and drawings in the Fabrica. The thyroid was still depicted in a nonhuman form during this time. The copper etchings of Bartholomew Eustachius made in the 1560s were obviously of humans, but were not actually published until 1714 with a description by Johannes Maria Lancisius. These etchings also depicted some interesting anatomy, which we describe. The Adenographia by Thomas Wharton in 1656 named the thyroid gland for the first time and more fully described it. The book also attempted to assign a function to the gland. The thyroid gland's interesting history thus touches a number of famous men from diverse backgrounds.",
keywords = "gland, history thyroid gland, thyroid",
author = "Daniel Lydiatt and Bucher, {Gregory S.}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ca.21073",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Clinical Anatomy",
issn = "0897-3806",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Historical vignettes of the thyroid gland

AU - Lydiatt, Daniel

AU - Bucher, Gregory S.

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - Although "glands" in the neck corresponding to the thyroid were known for thousands of years, they were mainly considered pathological when encountered. Recognition of the thyroid gland as an anatomical and physiological entity required human dissection, which began in earnest in the 16th century. Leonardo Da Vinci is generally credited as the first to draw the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ. The drawings were subsequently "lost" to medicine for nearly 260 years. The drawings were probably of a nonhuman specimen. Da Vinci vowed to produce an anatomical atlas, but it was never completed. Michelangelo Buonarroti promised to complete drawings for the anatomical work of Realdus Columbus, De Re Anatomica, but these were also never completed. Andreas Vesalius established the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ with his description and drawings in the Fabrica. The thyroid was still depicted in a nonhuman form during this time. The copper etchings of Bartholomew Eustachius made in the 1560s were obviously of humans, but were not actually published until 1714 with a description by Johannes Maria Lancisius. These etchings also depicted some interesting anatomy, which we describe. The Adenographia by Thomas Wharton in 1656 named the thyroid gland for the first time and more fully described it. The book also attempted to assign a function to the gland. The thyroid gland's interesting history thus touches a number of famous men from diverse backgrounds.

AB - Although "glands" in the neck corresponding to the thyroid were known for thousands of years, they were mainly considered pathological when encountered. Recognition of the thyroid gland as an anatomical and physiological entity required human dissection, which began in earnest in the 16th century. Leonardo Da Vinci is generally credited as the first to draw the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ. The drawings were subsequently "lost" to medicine for nearly 260 years. The drawings were probably of a nonhuman specimen. Da Vinci vowed to produce an anatomical atlas, but it was never completed. Michelangelo Buonarroti promised to complete drawings for the anatomical work of Realdus Columbus, De Re Anatomica, but these were also never completed. Andreas Vesalius established the thyroid gland as an anatomical organ with his description and drawings in the Fabrica. The thyroid was still depicted in a nonhuman form during this time. The copper etchings of Bartholomew Eustachius made in the 1560s were obviously of humans, but were not actually published until 1714 with a description by Johannes Maria Lancisius. These etchings also depicted some interesting anatomy, which we describe. The Adenographia by Thomas Wharton in 1656 named the thyroid gland for the first time and more fully described it. The book also attempted to assign a function to the gland. The thyroid gland's interesting history thus touches a number of famous men from diverse backgrounds.

KW - gland

KW - history thyroid gland

KW - thyroid

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650282737&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650282737&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ca.21073

DO - 10.1002/ca.21073

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Clinical Anatomy

JF - Clinical Anatomy

SN - 0897-3806

IS - 1

ER -