Historical origins of a cross-national puzzle: Homicide in Finland, 1750 to 2000

Jukka Savolainen, Martti Lehti, Janne Kivivuori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cross-national studies of homicide are dominated by theories that focus on inequality and other structural factors as the source of variation in the level of lethal violence. As a nation with a comparatively high homicide rate in the presence of a strong welfare state, Finland represents a puzzle to this paradigm. The apparent weakness of the structural approach opens the door for cultural explanations. As the basic step in this path, the purpose of this research is to examine the historical origins of the Finnish problem with lethal violence. The authors find that the homicide patterns responsible for the exceptional status of Finland are of relatively recent origin. The authors conclude the study by proposing that specific features of the Finnish welfare state inadvertently sustain a subculture of alcohol-related lethal violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-89
Number of pages23
JournalHomicide Studies
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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Homicide
Finland
Violence
homicide
violence
welfare state
subculture
alcohol
Alcohols
paradigm
Research

Keywords

  • Alcohol and violence
  • Cross-national comparisons
  • Finland
  • Historical trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Law

Cite this

Historical origins of a cross-national puzzle : Homicide in Finland, 1750 to 2000. / Savolainen, Jukka; Lehti, Martti; Kivivuori, Janne.

In: Homicide Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.02.2008, p. 67-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Savolainen, Jukka ; Lehti, Martti ; Kivivuori, Janne. / Historical origins of a cross-national puzzle : Homicide in Finland, 1750 to 2000. In: Homicide Studies. 2008 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 67-89.
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