Histamine production in low-salt cheddar cheese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the potential for histamine production in low-salt Cheddar cheese, pasteurized milk was inoculated with Lactobacillus buchneri St2A at levels of 102 103, and 104 microorganisms per ml of milk. One additional vat was uninoculated and served as a control. Milk was then manufactured into low-salt (0.40%) Cheddar cheese. After 180 d of aging at 7°C, levels of L. buchneri St2A had increased approximately 100-fold in the inoculated cheese. Proteolysis, expressed as μmoles free glycine per g cheese, increased from 40 to 150 (trichloroacetic acid soluble) and from 25 to 130 (phosphotungstic acid soluble) during the ripening period. Histamine levels, however, remained low in the inoculated cheeses (<5 mg/100 g), suggesting that the potential for histamine formation may be minimal in low-salt Cheddar cheese. It was concluded that the relatively low levels of proteolysis and low temperature of storage were primarily responsible for inhibiting histamine production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-855 and 867
JournalJournal of food protection
Volume54
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1991

Fingerprint

Cheddar cheese
Cheese
histamine
Histamine
Salts
Lactobacillus buchneri
salts
cheeses
proteolysis
Milk
phosphotungstic acid
milk
Proteolysis
trichloroacetic acid
pasteurized milk
glycine (amino acid)
Phosphotungstic Acid
storage temperature
Trichloroacetic Acid
ripening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Histamine production in low-salt cheddar cheese. / Stratton, Jayne E.; Hutkins, Robert W.; Taylor, Steve L.

In: Journal of food protection, Vol. 54, No. 11, 11.1991, p. 852-855 and 867.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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