High throughput quantification of N-glycans using one-pot sialic acid modification and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry

Geun Cheol Gil, Bryce Iliff, Ron Cerny, William H. Velander, Kevin E.Van Cott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Appropriate glycosylation of recombinant therapeutic glycoproteins has been emphasized in biopharmaceutical industries because the carbohydrate component can affect safety, efficacy, and consistency of the glycoproteins. Reliable quantification methods are essential to ensure consistency of their products with respect to glycosylation, particularly sialylation. Mass spectrometry (MS) has become a popular tool to analyze glycan profiles and structures, showing high resolution and sensitivity with structure identification ability. However, quantification of sialylated glycans using MS is not as reliable because of the different ionization efficiency between neutral and acidic glycans. We report here that amidation in mild acidic conditions can be used to neutralize acidic N-glycans still attached to the protein. The resulting amidated N-glycans can then be released from the protein using PNGase F, and labeled with permanent charges on the reducing end to avoid any modification and the formation of metal adducts during MS analysis. The N-glycan modification, digestion, and desalting steps were performed using a single-pot method that can be done in microcentrifuge tubes or 96-well microfilter plates, enabling high throughput glycan analysis. Using this method we were able to perform quantitative MALDI-TOF MS of a recombinant human glycoprotein to determine changes in fucosylation and changes in sialylation that were in very good agreement with a normal phase HPLC oligosaccharide mapping method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6613-6620
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Volume82
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

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N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
Ionization
Mass spectrometry
Polysaccharides
Desorption
Throughput
Lasers
Glycosylation
Glycoproteins
Peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl) Asparagine Amidase
Salt removal
Oligosaccharides
Proteins
Metals
Carbohydrates
Industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Appropriate glycosylation of recombinant therapeutic glycoproteins has been emphasized in biopharmaceutical industries because the carbohydrate component can affect safety, efficacy, and consistency of the glycoproteins. Reliable quantification methods are essential to ensure consistency of their products with respect to glycosylation, particularly sialylation. Mass spectrometry (MS) has become a popular tool to analyze glycan profiles and structures, showing high resolution and sensitivity with structure identification ability. However, quantification of sialylated glycans using MS is not as reliable because of the different ionization efficiency between neutral and acidic glycans. We report here that amidation in mild acidic conditions can be used to neutralize acidic N-glycans still attached to the protein. The resulting amidated N-glycans can then be released from the protein using PNGase F, and labeled with permanent charges on the reducing end to avoid any modification and the formation of metal adducts during MS analysis. The N-glycan modification, digestion, and desalting steps were performed using a single-pot method that can be done in microcentrifuge tubes or 96-well microfilter plates, enabling high throughput glycan analysis. Using this method we were able to perform quantitative MALDI-TOF MS of a recombinant human glycoprotein to determine changes in fucosylation and changes in sialylation that were in very good agreement with a normal phase HPLC oligosaccharide mapping method.",
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