High-performance photorefractive polymers

Martin Liphardt, Arosha Goonesekera, Brian E. Jones, Stephen Ducharme, James M. Takacs, Lei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Scopus citations


Photorefractive materials can form "instant" holograms without time-consuming development steps. Their potential applications include image processing, optical data storage, and correction of image distortion, but the cost of crystal growth and preparation has been a primary impediment to commercial application. Polymers, on the other hand, are low in cost and readily fabricated in a variety of forms. Photorefractive polymers were constructed with performance that matched or exceeded the performance of available photorefractive crystals. The largest observed two-beam energy coupling gain coefficient for the polymers was 56 per centimeter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-369
Number of pages3
Issue number5145
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Liphardt, M., Goonesekera, A., Jones, B. E., Ducharme, S., Takacs, J. M., & Zhang, L. (1994). High-performance photorefractive polymers. Science, 263(5145), 367-369. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.263.5145.367