The purpose of the study was to examine inter- and intrapatient variation in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plasma concentrations in adult cancer patients receiving a 3-day drug infusion. Fourteen patients received 1266 mg/m2 N-(phosphonacetyl)-L-aspartate (PALA) infused i.v. over 15 min on day 1, followed immediately by a loading dose of 500 mg/m2 calcium leucovorin over 30 min. Then a prolonged infusion of leucovorin at 500 mg/m2/day and 5- FU at 1750 mg/m2/day was administered as either a constant rate or as a circadian infusion over 72 h. During constant rate infusions, 5-FU concentrations within individuals varied by 1.7-fold, but no uniform time of peak or trough concentration was observed. Transformation of these data by setting the time of peak to 0 h and by expressing concentrations as the percentage of the 24-h mean value revealed a nonrandom distribution of the time from peak to trough with a median time of 12 h (P = 0.027). These transformed data were also successfully fit to a circadian cosinor function (P < 0.001). During multiple constant rate 5-FU infusions, the intrapatient variability was high; the times of peak 5-FU concentration occurred at the same approximate sampling time 43% of the time, and troughs coincided 17% of the time. No difference in clinical toxicity was observed when matched constant rate and circadian infusions of 5-FU were compared. High inter- and intrapatient variability exists in 5-FU plasma concentrations in adult cancer patients during constant rate infusions with no evidence of a consistent circadian rhythm in untransformed data.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research