Purpose: This study evaluated the results of high-dose therapy followed by autologous bone marrow or peripheral-blood stem-cell transplantation for patients with follicular low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 100 patients undergoing autologous transplantation far follicular low-grade lymphoma between April 22, 1983 and December 31, 1993. Results: Sixty-seven patients remained alive and 48 were failure-free. The median follow-up duration of surviving patients was 2.6 years (range, 1.0 to 11.7). There were eight (8%) deaths within 100 days of transplantation. Six additional patients died of nonrelapse causes up to 912 days after transplantation. Overall survival at 4 years was estimated to be 65% (95% confidence interval [CI], 54% to 75%) and failure-free survival was estimated to be 44% (95% CI, 33% to 55%). There was no definite evidence of a plateau in the failure-free survival curve. The only factor significantly associated with overall survival and failure-free survival was the number of chemotherapy regimen received before transplantation. No significant differences in outcome were observed between patients with follicular small cleaved-cell lymphoma and follicular mixed lymphoma, or between patients who received peripheral-blood stem-cell transplants and unpurged autologous bone marrow transplants. Conclusion: Prolonged failure- free survival is possible following high-dose therapy and autologous hematopoietic rescue for follicular low-grade lymphoma. It is unclear whether patients are cured with this therapy or if survival is prolonged.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research