High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in relapsed and refractory Hodgkin's disease: Outcome based on a prognostic model

Muzaffar H. Qazilbash, Marcel P. Devetten, Jame Abraham, Joseph P. Lynch, Charles L. Beall, Miklos Auber, Robin Weisenborn, Pam Bunner, Solveig G. Ericson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the results of high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with relapsed or primary refractory Hodgkin's disease (HD), using a previously reported prognostic model based on the presence of three poor prognostic factors at the start of salvage therapy/preparative regimen: B symptoms, extranodal disease and the duration of last complete response of less than 1 year. Based on this model, the patients were divided into low-risk and high-risk groups. Between 1993 and 2001, 24 patients with HD were treated with HDT and ASCT. Eighteen of the 24 patients had 0-1 risk factors (low-risk group) and 6 patients had 2-3 risk factors (high-risk group). Using Kaplan-Meier analysis, after a median follow-up of 40.5 months, the progression-free survival (PFS) was 48%, and the overall survival (OS) was 55%. PFS in the low-risk group was 56%, and in the high-risk group 17% (p<0.001). OS in the low-risk group was 68% and in the high-risk group it was 18% (p<0.001). The 100-day transplant-related mortality for the entire group was 16%. Our results are comparable to those reported in previous clinical trials for patients with refractory and relapsed HD treated with HDT and ASCT. The use of a prognostic model appears useful for predicting the outcome of HDT and ASCT for HD patients, and may play an important role in choosing the appropriate therapy for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-178
Number of pages6
JournalActa Haematologica
Volume110
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2003

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Keywords

  • Autologous stem cell transplantation
  • High-dose therapy
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Prognostic model
  • Progression-free survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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