Helping Women Choose Appropriate Hormonal Contraception: Update on Risks, Benefits, and Indications

Abby L. Spencer, Rachel Bonnema, Megan C. McNamara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

27 Scopus citations


Primary care physicians frequently provide contraceptive counseling to women who are interested in family planning, have medical conditions that may be worsened by pregnancy, or have medical conditions that necessitate the use of potentially teratogenic medications. Effective counseling requires up-to-date knowledge about hormonal contraceptive methods that differ in hormone dosage, cycle length, and hormone-free intervals and are delivered by oral, transdermal, transvaginal, injectable, or implantable routes. Effective counseling also requires an understanding of a woman's preferences and medical history as well as the risks, benefits, side effects, and contraindications of each contraceptive method. This article is designed to update physicians on this information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-506
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009



  • Contraception
  • Contraception counseling
  • Contraceptive choice
  • Women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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