Have children adapted to their mothers working, or was adaptation unnecessary? Cohort effects and the relationship between maternal employment and child well-being

Jeremiah B. Wills, Jonathan R Brauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drawing on previous theoretical and empirical work, we posit that maternal employment influences on child well-being vary across birth cohorts. We investigate this possibility by analyzing longitudinal data from a sample of children and their mothers drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We introduce a series of age, cohort, and maternal employment interaction terms into multilevel models predicting child well-being to assess whether any potential short-term or long-term effects of early and current maternal employment vary across birth cohorts. Results indicate that maternal employment largely is inconsequential to child well-being regardless of birth cohort, with a few exceptions. For instance, children born in earlier cohorts may have experienced long-term positive effects of having an employed mother; however, as maternal employment became more commonplace in recent cohorts, these beneficial effects appear to have disappeared. We discuss theoretical and methodological implications of these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-443
Number of pages19
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Fingerprint

child well-being
interaction

Keywords

  • Cognitive development
  • Cohort efforts
  • Maternal employment
  • National longitudinal survey
  • Socioemotional development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Have children adapted to their mothers working, or was adaptation unnecessary? Cohort effects and the relationship between maternal employment and child well-being. / Wills, Jeremiah B.; Brauer, Jonathan R.

In: Social Science Research, Vol. 41, No. 2, 01.03.2012, p. 425-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fb61bcdc241c499ea8d0528bad2eac41,
title = "Have children adapted to their mothers working, or was adaptation unnecessary? Cohort effects and the relationship between maternal employment and child well-being",
abstract = "Drawing on previous theoretical and empirical work, we posit that maternal employment influences on child well-being vary across birth cohorts. We investigate this possibility by analyzing longitudinal data from a sample of children and their mothers drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We introduce a series of age, cohort, and maternal employment interaction terms into multilevel models predicting child well-being to assess whether any potential short-term or long-term effects of early and current maternal employment vary across birth cohorts. Results indicate that maternal employment largely is inconsequential to child well-being regardless of birth cohort, with a few exceptions. For instance, children born in earlier cohorts may have experienced long-term positive effects of having an employed mother; however, as maternal employment became more commonplace in recent cohorts, these beneficial effects appear to have disappeared. We discuss theoretical and methodological implications of these findings.",
keywords = "Cognitive development, Cohort efforts, Maternal employment, National longitudinal survey, Socioemotional development",
author = "Wills, {Jeremiah B.} and Brauer, {Jonathan R}",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssresearch.2011.10.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "425--443",
journal = "Social Science Research",
issn = "0049-089X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Have children adapted to their mothers working, or was adaptation unnecessary? Cohort effects and the relationship between maternal employment and child well-being

AU - Wills, Jeremiah B.

AU - Brauer, Jonathan R

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Drawing on previous theoretical and empirical work, we posit that maternal employment influences on child well-being vary across birth cohorts. We investigate this possibility by analyzing longitudinal data from a sample of children and their mothers drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We introduce a series of age, cohort, and maternal employment interaction terms into multilevel models predicting child well-being to assess whether any potential short-term or long-term effects of early and current maternal employment vary across birth cohorts. Results indicate that maternal employment largely is inconsequential to child well-being regardless of birth cohort, with a few exceptions. For instance, children born in earlier cohorts may have experienced long-term positive effects of having an employed mother; however, as maternal employment became more commonplace in recent cohorts, these beneficial effects appear to have disappeared. We discuss theoretical and methodological implications of these findings.

AB - Drawing on previous theoretical and empirical work, we posit that maternal employment influences on child well-being vary across birth cohorts. We investigate this possibility by analyzing longitudinal data from a sample of children and their mothers drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We introduce a series of age, cohort, and maternal employment interaction terms into multilevel models predicting child well-being to assess whether any potential short-term or long-term effects of early and current maternal employment vary across birth cohorts. Results indicate that maternal employment largely is inconsequential to child well-being regardless of birth cohort, with a few exceptions. For instance, children born in earlier cohorts may have experienced long-term positive effects of having an employed mother; however, as maternal employment became more commonplace in recent cohorts, these beneficial effects appear to have disappeared. We discuss theoretical and methodological implications of these findings.

KW - Cognitive development

KW - Cohort efforts

KW - Maternal employment

KW - National longitudinal survey

KW - Socioemotional development

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84856326369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84856326369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2011.10.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2011.10.004

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 425

EP - 443

JO - Social Science Research

JF - Social Science Research

SN - 0049-089X

IS - 2

ER -