Habits with Potential as Disorders: Prevalence, Severitv, and Other Characteristics Among College Students

David J. Hansen, Amy C. Tishelmian, Robert P. Hawkins, Karla J. Doepke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about the prevalence of the various habit disorders such as pulling out one's hair. biting fingernails. or grinding teeth and even less is known about the prevalence of lesser habits which. if exacerbated. mav be costly enough to an individual to be labeled a disorder. Such superficially “purposeless” behaviors provided the focus of the present investigation. An initial group of 142 college students completed a pilot questionnaire to identify habits to be included in a survey. The final questionnaire was then administered to 286 college students. It asked about “purposeless habits.” defined as those “repeated actions that appear to serve no useful purpose but that we continue to engage in anyway.” Behaviors included habits involving the mouth. face, neck, fingers. hands, legs, hair, body, clothing, and objects. In addition to assessing the nature and severitN of problems caused bv each habit, the stimulus conditions influencing its probabilitv, related behaviors, and attempts to stop the habit were assessed. The kinds of behaviors that could become habit disorders were found to be quite common. Clinical and theoretical implications of the results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-80
Number of pages15
JournalBehavior Modification
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1990

Fingerprint

Habits
Students
Hair
Clothing
Habit
College Students
Nails
Fingers
Mouth
Leg
Tooth
Neck
Hand
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Habits with Potential as Disorders : Prevalence, Severitv, and Other Characteristics Among College Students. / Hansen, David J.; Tishelmian, Amy C.; Hawkins, Robert P.; Doepke, Karla J.

In: Behavior Modification, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.1990, p. 66-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hansen, David J. ; Tishelmian, Amy C. ; Hawkins, Robert P. ; Doepke, Karla J. / Habits with Potential as Disorders : Prevalence, Severitv, and Other Characteristics Among College Students. In: Behavior Modification. 1990 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 66-80.
@article{36a38a17dcaa4f98b5b2afc469e81e6b,
title = "Habits with Potential as Disorders: Prevalence, Severitv, and Other Characteristics Among College Students",
abstract = "Little is known about the prevalence of the various habit disorders such as pulling out one's hair. biting fingernails. or grinding teeth and even less is known about the prevalence of lesser habits which. if exacerbated. mav be costly enough to an individual to be labeled a disorder. Such superficially “purposeless” behaviors provided the focus of the present investigation. An initial group of 142 college students completed a pilot questionnaire to identify habits to be included in a survey. The final questionnaire was then administered to 286 college students. It asked about “purposeless habits.” defined as those “repeated actions that appear to serve no useful purpose but that we continue to engage in anyway.” Behaviors included habits involving the mouth. face, neck, fingers. hands, legs, hair, body, clothing, and objects. In addition to assessing the nature and severitN of problems caused bv each habit, the stimulus conditions influencing its probabilitv, related behaviors, and attempts to stop the habit were assessed. The kinds of behaviors that could become habit disorders were found to be quite common. Clinical and theoretical implications of the results are discussed.",
author = "Hansen, {David J.} and Tishelmian, {Amy C.} and Hawkins, {Robert P.} and Doepke, {Karla J.}",
year = "1990",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1177/01454455900141005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "66--80",
journal = "Behavior Modification",
issn = "0145-4455",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Habits with Potential as Disorders

T2 - Prevalence, Severitv, and Other Characteristics Among College Students

AU - Hansen, David J.

AU - Tishelmian, Amy C.

AU - Hawkins, Robert P.

AU - Doepke, Karla J.

PY - 1990/1

Y1 - 1990/1

N2 - Little is known about the prevalence of the various habit disorders such as pulling out one's hair. biting fingernails. or grinding teeth and even less is known about the prevalence of lesser habits which. if exacerbated. mav be costly enough to an individual to be labeled a disorder. Such superficially “purposeless” behaviors provided the focus of the present investigation. An initial group of 142 college students completed a pilot questionnaire to identify habits to be included in a survey. The final questionnaire was then administered to 286 college students. It asked about “purposeless habits.” defined as those “repeated actions that appear to serve no useful purpose but that we continue to engage in anyway.” Behaviors included habits involving the mouth. face, neck, fingers. hands, legs, hair, body, clothing, and objects. In addition to assessing the nature and severitN of problems caused bv each habit, the stimulus conditions influencing its probabilitv, related behaviors, and attempts to stop the habit were assessed. The kinds of behaviors that could become habit disorders were found to be quite common. Clinical and theoretical implications of the results are discussed.

AB - Little is known about the prevalence of the various habit disorders such as pulling out one's hair. biting fingernails. or grinding teeth and even less is known about the prevalence of lesser habits which. if exacerbated. mav be costly enough to an individual to be labeled a disorder. Such superficially “purposeless” behaviors provided the focus of the present investigation. An initial group of 142 college students completed a pilot questionnaire to identify habits to be included in a survey. The final questionnaire was then administered to 286 college students. It asked about “purposeless habits.” defined as those “repeated actions that appear to serve no useful purpose but that we continue to engage in anyway.” Behaviors included habits involving the mouth. face, neck, fingers. hands, legs, hair, body, clothing, and objects. In addition to assessing the nature and severitN of problems caused bv each habit, the stimulus conditions influencing its probabilitv, related behaviors, and attempts to stop the habit were assessed. The kinds of behaviors that could become habit disorders were found to be quite common. Clinical and theoretical implications of the results are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025317755&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025317755&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/01454455900141005

DO - 10.1177/01454455900141005

M3 - Article

C2 - 2294902

AN - SCOPUS:0025317755

VL - 14

SP - 66

EP - 80

JO - Behavior Modification

JF - Behavior Modification

SN - 0145-4455

IS - 1

ER -