Growth hormone-stimulated insulin-like growth factor-1 expression in rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes is mediated by ERK, PI3K-AKT, and JAK-STAT

Katie M. Reindl, Jeffrey D. Kittilson, Heather E. Bergan, Mark A. Sheridan

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Abstract

Growth hormone (GH) initiates many of its growth-promoting actions by binding to GH receptors (GHR) and stimulating the synthesis and secretion of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) from the liver and other sites. In this study, we used hepatocytes isolated from rainbow trout as a model system in which to determine the molecular signaling events of GH in fish. GH directly stimulated the phosphorylation of ERK, protein kinase B (Akt), a downstream target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), JAK2, and STAT5 in hepatocytes incubated in vitro. Activation of ERK, Akt, JAK2, and STAT5 was rapid, occurring within 5-10 min, and was concentration dependent. GH-induced ERK activation was completely blocked by the ERK pathway inhibitor, U0126, and the JAK2 inhibitor, 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexabromocyclohexane (Hex), and was partially blocked by the PI3K inhibitor LY294002. GH-stimulated Akt activation was completely blocked by LY294002 and Hex, but was not affected by U0126; whereas, STAT5 activation by GH was blocked only by Hex, and was not affected by either U0126 or LY294002. GH stimulated hepatic expression of IGF-1 mRNA as well as the secretion of IGF-1, effects that were partially or completely blocked by U0126, LY294002, and Hex. These results indicate that GHR linkage to the ERK, PI3K/Akt, or STAT pathways in trout liver cells requires activation of JAK2, and that GH-stimulated IGF-1 synthesis and secretion is mediated through the ERK, I3K/Akt, and JAK-STAT pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R236-R243
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume301
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

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Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Somatomedins
Growth Hormone
Hepatocytes
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
Liver
Somatotropin Receptors
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Trout
Fishes
Phosphorylation
Messenger RNA
U 0126

Keywords

  • Hexabromocyclohexane
  • LY294002
  • Signaling pathways
  • U0126

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Growth hormone-stimulated insulin-like growth factor-1 expression in rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes is mediated by ERK, PI3K-AKT, and JAK-STAT",
abstract = "Growth hormone (GH) initiates many of its growth-promoting actions by binding to GH receptors (GHR) and stimulating the synthesis and secretion of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) from the liver and other sites. In this study, we used hepatocytes isolated from rainbow trout as a model system in which to determine the molecular signaling events of GH in fish. GH directly stimulated the phosphorylation of ERK, protein kinase B (Akt), a downstream target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), JAK2, and STAT5 in hepatocytes incubated in vitro. Activation of ERK, Akt, JAK2, and STAT5 was rapid, occurring within 5-10 min, and was concentration dependent. GH-induced ERK activation was completely blocked by the ERK pathway inhibitor, U0126, and the JAK2 inhibitor, 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexabromocyclohexane (Hex), and was partially blocked by the PI3K inhibitor LY294002. GH-stimulated Akt activation was completely blocked by LY294002 and Hex, but was not affected by U0126; whereas, STAT5 activation by GH was blocked only by Hex, and was not affected by either U0126 or LY294002. GH stimulated hepatic expression of IGF-1 mRNA as well as the secretion of IGF-1, effects that were partially or completely blocked by U0126, LY294002, and Hex. These results indicate that GHR linkage to the ERK, PI3K/Akt, or STAT pathways in trout liver cells requires activation of JAK2, and that GH-stimulated IGF-1 synthesis and secretion is mediated through the ERK, I3K/Akt, and JAK-STAT pathways.",
keywords = "Hexabromocyclohexane, LY294002, Signaling pathways, U0126",
author = "Reindl, {Katie M.} and Kittilson, {Jeffrey D.} and Bergan, {Heather E.} and Sheridan, {Mark A.}",
year = "2011",
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T1 - Growth hormone-stimulated insulin-like growth factor-1 expression in rainbow trout (oncorhynchus mykiss) hepatocytes is mediated by ERK, PI3K-AKT, and JAK-STAT

AU - Reindl, Katie M.

AU - Kittilson, Jeffrey D.

AU - Bergan, Heather E.

AU - Sheridan, Mark A.

PY - 2011/7/1

Y1 - 2011/7/1

N2 - Growth hormone (GH) initiates many of its growth-promoting actions by binding to GH receptors (GHR) and stimulating the synthesis and secretion of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) from the liver and other sites. In this study, we used hepatocytes isolated from rainbow trout as a model system in which to determine the molecular signaling events of GH in fish. GH directly stimulated the phosphorylation of ERK, protein kinase B (Akt), a downstream target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), JAK2, and STAT5 in hepatocytes incubated in vitro. Activation of ERK, Akt, JAK2, and STAT5 was rapid, occurring within 5-10 min, and was concentration dependent. GH-induced ERK activation was completely blocked by the ERK pathway inhibitor, U0126, and the JAK2 inhibitor, 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexabromocyclohexane (Hex), and was partially blocked by the PI3K inhibitor LY294002. GH-stimulated Akt activation was completely blocked by LY294002 and Hex, but was not affected by U0126; whereas, STAT5 activation by GH was blocked only by Hex, and was not affected by either U0126 or LY294002. GH stimulated hepatic expression of IGF-1 mRNA as well as the secretion of IGF-1, effects that were partially or completely blocked by U0126, LY294002, and Hex. These results indicate that GHR linkage to the ERK, PI3K/Akt, or STAT pathways in trout liver cells requires activation of JAK2, and that GH-stimulated IGF-1 synthesis and secretion is mediated through the ERK, I3K/Akt, and JAK-STAT pathways.

AB - Growth hormone (GH) initiates many of its growth-promoting actions by binding to GH receptors (GHR) and stimulating the synthesis and secretion of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) from the liver and other sites. In this study, we used hepatocytes isolated from rainbow trout as a model system in which to determine the molecular signaling events of GH in fish. GH directly stimulated the phosphorylation of ERK, protein kinase B (Akt), a downstream target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), JAK2, and STAT5 in hepatocytes incubated in vitro. Activation of ERK, Akt, JAK2, and STAT5 was rapid, occurring within 5-10 min, and was concentration dependent. GH-induced ERK activation was completely blocked by the ERK pathway inhibitor, U0126, and the JAK2 inhibitor, 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexabromocyclohexane (Hex), and was partially blocked by the PI3K inhibitor LY294002. GH-stimulated Akt activation was completely blocked by LY294002 and Hex, but was not affected by U0126; whereas, STAT5 activation by GH was blocked only by Hex, and was not affected by either U0126 or LY294002. GH stimulated hepatic expression of IGF-1 mRNA as well as the secretion of IGF-1, effects that were partially or completely blocked by U0126, LY294002, and Hex. These results indicate that GHR linkage to the ERK, PI3K/Akt, or STAT pathways in trout liver cells requires activation of JAK2, and that GH-stimulated IGF-1 synthesis and secretion is mediated through the ERK, I3K/Akt, and JAK-STAT pathways.

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JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology

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