Genetic Counseling in Usher Syndrome: Linkage and mutational analysis of 10 Colombian families

Martha L. Tamayo, G. Lopez, N. Gelvez, D. Medina, W. J. Kimberling, V. Rodriguez, G. E. Tamayo, J. E. Bernal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Usher Syndrome (US), an autosomal recessive disease, is characterized by retinitis pigmentosa (RP), vestibular dysfunction, and congenital sensorineural deafness. There are three recognized clinical types of the disorder. In order to improve genetic counseling for affected families, we conducted linkage analysis and DNA sequencing in 10 Colombian families with confirmed diagnosis of US (4 type I and 6 type II). Seventy-five percent of the US1 families showed linkage to locus USH1B, while the remaining 25% showed linkage to loci USH1B and USH1C. Among families showing linkage to USH1B we found two different mutations in the MYO7A gene: IVS42-26insTTGAG in exon 43 (heterozygous state) and R634X (CGA-TGA) in exon 16 (homozygous state). All six US2 families showed linkage to locus USH2A. Of them, 4 had c.2299delG mutation (1 homozygote state and 3 heterozygous); in the remaining 2 we did not identify any pathologic DNA variant. USH2A individuals with a 2299delG mutation presented a typical and homogeneous retinal phenotype with bilateral severe hearing loss, except for one individual with a heterozygous 2299delG mutation, whose hearing loss was asymmetric, but more profound than in the other cases. The study of these families adds to the genotype-phenotype characterization of the different types and subtypes of US and facilitates genetic counseling in these families. We would like to emphasize the need to perform DNA studies as a prerequisite for genetic counseling in affected families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-27
Number of pages13
JournalGenetic Counseling
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 11 2008

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Keywords

  • Genetic counseling
  • Genetic linkage
  • Hearing loss
  • MYO7A gene
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Sequence analysis
  • USH2A gene
  • Usher syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Tamayo, M. L., Lopez, G., Gelvez, N., Medina, D., Kimberling, W. J., Rodriguez, V., ... Bernal, J. E. (2008). Genetic Counseling in Usher Syndrome: Linkage and mutational analysis of 10 Colombian families. Genetic Counseling, 19(1), 15-27.