Genetic conflict and sex chromosome evolution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromosomal sex determination systems create the opportunity for the evolution of selfish genetic elements that increase the transmission of one sex chromosome at the expense of its homolog. Because such selfish elements on sex chromosomes can reduce fertility and distort the sex ratio of progeny, unlinked suppressors are expected to evolve, bringing different regions of the genome into conflict over the meiotic transmission of the sex chromosomes. Here we argue that recurrent genetic conflict over sex chromosome transmission is an important evolutionary force that has shaped a wide range of seemingly disparate phenomena including the epigenetic regulation of genes expressed in the germline, the distribution of genes in the genome, and the evolution of hybrid sterility between species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

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sex chromosomes
chromosome
chromosome transmission
genome
sex determination
sterility
gene
epigenetics
sex ratio
fertility
germ cells
genes
conflict
gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Genetic conflict and sex chromosome evolution. / Meiklejohn, Colin D.; Tao, Yun.

In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 215-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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