Gene transcripts associated with BMI in the motor cortex and caudate nucleus of calorie restricted rhesus monkeys

Amanda C. Mitchell, Rehana K. Leak, Michael J. Zigmond, Judy L. Cameron, Károly Mirnics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity affects over 500. million people worldwide, and has far reaching negative health effects. Given that high body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance are associated with alterations in many regions of brain and that physical activity can decrease obesity, we hypothesized that in Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) fed a high fat diet and who subsequently received reduced calories BMI would be associated with a unique gene expression signature in motor regions of the brain implicated in neurodegenerative disorders. In the motor cortex with increased BMI we saw the upregulation of genes involved in apoptosis, altered gene expression in metabolic pathways, and the downregulation of pERK1/2 (MAPK1), a protein involved in cellular survival. In the caudate nucleus with increased BMI we saw the upregulation of known obesity related genes (the insulin receptor (INSR) and the glucagon-like peptide-2 receptor (GLP2R)), apoptosis related genes, and altered expression of genes involved in various metabolic processes. These studies suggest that the effects of high BMI on the brain transcriptome persist regardless of two months of calorie restriction. We hypothesize that active lifestyles with low BMIs together create a brain homeostasis more conducive to brain resiliency and neuronal survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalGenomics
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Fingerprint

Caudate Nucleus
Motor Cortex
Macaca mulatta
Body Mass Index
Brain
Obesity
Genes
Transcriptome
Up-Regulation
Apoptosis
Gene Expression
Insulin Receptor
High Fat Diet
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Insulin Resistance
Life Style
Homeostasis
Down-Regulation
Health

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Caudate nucleus
  • DNA microarray
  • ERK pathway
  • Gene expression
  • Motor cortex
  • Rhesus monkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Gene transcripts associated with BMI in the motor cortex and caudate nucleus of calorie restricted rhesus monkeys. / Mitchell, Amanda C.; Leak, Rehana K.; Zigmond, Michael J.; Cameron, Judy L.; Mirnics, Károly.

In: Genomics, Vol. 99, No. 3, 01.03.2012, p. 144-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mitchell, Amanda C. ; Leak, Rehana K. ; Zigmond, Michael J. ; Cameron, Judy L. ; Mirnics, Károly. / Gene transcripts associated with BMI in the motor cortex and caudate nucleus of calorie restricted rhesus monkeys. In: Genomics. 2012 ; Vol. 99, No. 3. pp. 144-151.
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