Gender, muscle, and velocity comparisons of mechanomyographic and electromyographic responses during isokinetic muscle actions

Joel T. Cramer, Terry J. Housh, Joseph P. Weir, Glen O. Johnson, Joseph M. Berning, Sharon R. Perry, Anthony J. Bull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of peak torque (PT), mean power output (MP), mechanomyographic (MMG) and electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and mean power frequency (MPF) of the vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF), and vastus medialis (VM) in males and females during maximal, concentric isokinetic muscle actions. Subjects performed maximal leg extensions at 60° s-1, 120° s-1, 180° s-1, 240° s-1, 300° s-1, 360° s-1, 420° s-1, and 480° s-1. No gender differences were observed, but there were muscle-specific differences for the patterns of MMG MPF, EMG amplitude, and EMG MPF. The MP and MMG amplitude increased to 180-240° s-1, plateaued, and then decreased to 480° s-1. MMG MPF for the VL and VM remained unchanged to 300° s-1, but then increased to 480° s-1. The EMG amplitude for the RF and EMG MPF for the VL decreased across velocity. Overall, these findings indicated that there were muscle-specific, velocity-related differences in the associations among motor control strategies (EMG amplitude and MPF) and the mechanical aspects of isokinetic muscular activity (MMG amplitude and MPF).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-127
Number of pages12
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004



  • Acoustic myography
  • Electromyography
  • Mechanomyography
  • Muscle power
  • Muscle sound
  • Muscle strength
  • Phonomyography
  • Vibromyography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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