Gender differences in the effects of exposure to violence on adolescent substance use

Gillian M. Pinchevsky, Emily M Steiner, Abigail A. Fagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To date, research exploring gender differences in the relationship between exposure to community violence and substance use has been limited. This study employs longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to assess the exposure to violence-substance use relationship and explore whether this relationship varies by gender. We find that the two forms of exposure to violence-direct (primary) and indirect (secondary)-independently increase the frequency of subsequent alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use among males and females. One gender difference emerged, as females who had been directly victimized engaged in more frequent binge drinking than males who had been directly victimized. Across both sexes, the effect of each form of violence weakened when other predictors of substance use were included in the models. Future directions for this research are discussed, including policy recommendations to help adolescents cope with victimization experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-144
Number of pages23
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Binge Drinking
gender-specific factors
violence
adolescent
Crime Victims
Human Development
Cannabis
Research
Violence
Longitudinal Studies
Alcohols
victimization
longitudinal study
alcohol
Exposure to Violence
gender
community
experience
Direction compound

Keywords

  • Community violence
  • Exposure to violence
  • Gender
  • Substance use
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

Cite this

Gender differences in the effects of exposure to violence on adolescent substance use. / Pinchevsky, Gillian M.; Steiner, Emily M; Fagan, Abigail A.

In: Violence and Victims, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2013, p. 122-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pinchevsky, Gillian M. ; Steiner, Emily M ; Fagan, Abigail A. / Gender differences in the effects of exposure to violence on adolescent substance use. In: Violence and Victims. 2013 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 122-144.
@article{7c7ad1f634934177b99ba06395b67ccf,
title = "Gender differences in the effects of exposure to violence on adolescent substance use",
abstract = "To date, research exploring gender differences in the relationship between exposure to community violence and substance use has been limited. This study employs longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to assess the exposure to violence-substance use relationship and explore whether this relationship varies by gender. We find that the two forms of exposure to violence-direct (primary) and indirect (secondary)-independently increase the frequency of subsequent alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use among males and females. One gender difference emerged, as females who had been directly victimized engaged in more frequent binge drinking than males who had been directly victimized. Across both sexes, the effect of each form of violence weakened when other predictors of substance use were included in the models. Future directions for this research are discussed, including policy recommendations to help adolescents cope with victimization experiences.",
keywords = "Community violence, Exposure to violence, Gender, Substance use, Victimization",
author = "Pinchevsky, {Gillian M.} and Steiner, {Emily M} and Fagan, {Abigail A.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1891/0886-6708.28.1.122",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "122--144",
journal = "Violence and Victims",
issn = "0886-6708",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in the effects of exposure to violence on adolescent substance use

AU - Pinchevsky, Gillian M.

AU - Steiner, Emily M

AU - Fagan, Abigail A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - To date, research exploring gender differences in the relationship between exposure to community violence and substance use has been limited. This study employs longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to assess the exposure to violence-substance use relationship and explore whether this relationship varies by gender. We find that the two forms of exposure to violence-direct (primary) and indirect (secondary)-independently increase the frequency of subsequent alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use among males and females. One gender difference emerged, as females who had been directly victimized engaged in more frequent binge drinking than males who had been directly victimized. Across both sexes, the effect of each form of violence weakened when other predictors of substance use were included in the models. Future directions for this research are discussed, including policy recommendations to help adolescents cope with victimization experiences.

AB - To date, research exploring gender differences in the relationship between exposure to community violence and substance use has been limited. This study employs longitudinal data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) to assess the exposure to violence-substance use relationship and explore whether this relationship varies by gender. We find that the two forms of exposure to violence-direct (primary) and indirect (secondary)-independently increase the frequency of subsequent alcohol use, binge drinking, and marijuana use among males and females. One gender difference emerged, as females who had been directly victimized engaged in more frequent binge drinking than males who had been directly victimized. Across both sexes, the effect of each form of violence weakened when other predictors of substance use were included in the models. Future directions for this research are discussed, including policy recommendations to help adolescents cope with victimization experiences.

KW - Community violence

KW - Exposure to violence

KW - Gender

KW - Substance use

KW - Victimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877100543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877100543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1891/0886-6708.28.1.122

DO - 10.1891/0886-6708.28.1.122

M3 - Article

C2 - 23520836

AN - SCOPUS:84877100543

VL - 28

SP - 122

EP - 144

JO - Violence and Victims

JF - Violence and Victims

SN - 0886-6708

IS - 1

ER -