Gender and perceptions of dangerousness in civil psychiatric patients

E. B. Elbogen, A. L. Williams, D. Kim, A. J. Tomkins, M. J. Scalora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between gender and clinicians' judgments of dangerousness in civil psychiatric facilities. Methods. Eighty-one clinicians working in acute, chronic or crisis settings rated violence risk of actual patients, rendering a total of 648 judgments of dangerousness. Results. Statistical analyses revealed the expected higher ratings of dangerousness for male compared to female patients, but also showed a significant interaction between clinician's gender and patient's gender on judgments of dangerousness. Conclusions. One of the most interesting findings in this study was that female clinicians perceived a greater gender gap in violence potential among psychiatric patients than did male clinicians. In fact, male clinicians perceived male and female patients to show approximately the same risk of violent behaviour. The results raise important questions for future risk assessment research and for clinical decision-making in the context of civil commitment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-228
Number of pages14
JournalLegal and Criminological Psychology
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Fingerprint

Dangerous Behavior
Psychiatry
Violence
Risk-Taking
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Gender and perceptions of dangerousness in civil psychiatric patients. / Elbogen, E. B.; Williams, A. L.; Kim, D.; Tomkins, A. J.; Scalora, M. J.

In: Legal and Criminological Psychology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 01.01.2001, p. 215-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elbogen, E. B. ; Williams, A. L. ; Kim, D. ; Tomkins, A. J. ; Scalora, M. J. / Gender and perceptions of dangerousness in civil psychiatric patients. In: Legal and Criminological Psychology. 2001 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 215-228.
@article{ea560ce7203a4aa58c61a97e9d48df74,
title = "Gender and perceptions of dangerousness in civil psychiatric patients",
abstract = "Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between gender and clinicians' judgments of dangerousness in civil psychiatric facilities. Methods. Eighty-one clinicians working in acute, chronic or crisis settings rated violence risk of actual patients, rendering a total of 648 judgments of dangerousness. Results. Statistical analyses revealed the expected higher ratings of dangerousness for male compared to female patients, but also showed a significant interaction between clinician's gender and patient's gender on judgments of dangerousness. Conclusions. One of the most interesting findings in this study was that female clinicians perceived a greater gender gap in violence potential among psychiatric patients than did male clinicians. In fact, male clinicians perceived male and female patients to show approximately the same risk of violent behaviour. The results raise important questions for future risk assessment research and for clinical decision-making in the context of civil commitment.",
author = "Elbogen, {E. B.} and Williams, {A. L.} and D. Kim and Tomkins, {A. J.} and Scalora, {M. J.}",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1348/135532501168299",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "215--228",
journal = "Legal and Criminological Psychology",
issn = "1355-3259",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender and perceptions of dangerousness in civil psychiatric patients

AU - Elbogen, E. B.

AU - Williams, A. L.

AU - Kim, D.

AU - Tomkins, A. J.

AU - Scalora, M. J.

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between gender and clinicians' judgments of dangerousness in civil psychiatric facilities. Methods. Eighty-one clinicians working in acute, chronic or crisis settings rated violence risk of actual patients, rendering a total of 648 judgments of dangerousness. Results. Statistical analyses revealed the expected higher ratings of dangerousness for male compared to female patients, but also showed a significant interaction between clinician's gender and patient's gender on judgments of dangerousness. Conclusions. One of the most interesting findings in this study was that female clinicians perceived a greater gender gap in violence potential among psychiatric patients than did male clinicians. In fact, male clinicians perceived male and female patients to show approximately the same risk of violent behaviour. The results raise important questions for future risk assessment research and for clinical decision-making in the context of civil commitment.

AB - Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between gender and clinicians' judgments of dangerousness in civil psychiatric facilities. Methods. Eighty-one clinicians working in acute, chronic or crisis settings rated violence risk of actual patients, rendering a total of 648 judgments of dangerousness. Results. Statistical analyses revealed the expected higher ratings of dangerousness for male compared to female patients, but also showed a significant interaction between clinician's gender and patient's gender on judgments of dangerousness. Conclusions. One of the most interesting findings in this study was that female clinicians perceived a greater gender gap in violence potential among psychiatric patients than did male clinicians. In fact, male clinicians perceived male and female patients to show approximately the same risk of violent behaviour. The results raise important questions for future risk assessment research and for clinical decision-making in the context of civil commitment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034837343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034837343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1348/135532501168299

DO - 10.1348/135532501168299

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0034837343

VL - 6

SP - 215

EP - 228

JO - Legal and Criminological Psychology

JF - Legal and Criminological Psychology

SN - 1355-3259

IS - 2

ER -