An enhancer with amalgamated E-box and GATA motifs (+9.5) controls expression of the regulator of hematopoiesis GATA-2. While similar GATA-2-occupied elements are common in the genome, occupancy does not predict function, and GATA-2-dependent genetic networks are incompletely defined. A “+9.5-like” element resides in an intron of Samd14 (Samd14-Enh) encoding a sterile alpha motif (SAM) domain protein. Deletion of Samd14-Enh in mice strongly decreased Samd14 expression in bone marrow and spleen. Although steady-state hematopoiesis was normal, Samd14-Enh−/− mice died in response to severe anemia. Samd14-Enh stimulated stem cell factor/c-Kit signaling, which promotes erythrocyte regeneration. Anemia activated Samd14-Enh by inducing enhancer components and enhancer chromatin accessibility. Thus, a GATA-2/anemia-regulated enhancer controls expression of an SAM domain protein that confers survival in anemia. We propose that Samd14-Enh and an ensemble of anemia-responsive enhancers are essential for erythrocyte regeneration in stress erythropoiesis, a vital process in pathologies, including β-thalassemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and viral infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology