Four Events of Host Switching in Aspidoderidae (Nematoda) Involve Convergent Lineages of Mammals

F. Agustín Jiménez, Scott L. Gardner, Graciela Navone, Guillermo Ortí

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Great American Interchange resulted in the mixing of faunistic groups with different origins and evolutionary trajectories that underwent rapid diversification in North and South America. As a result, groups of animals of recent arrival converged into similar habits and formed ecological guilds with some of the endemics. We present a reconstruction of the evolutionary events in Aspidoderidae, a family of nematodes that infect mammals that are part of this interchange, i.e., dasypodids, opossums, and sigmodontine, geomyid, and hystricognath rodents. By treating hosts as discrete states of character and using parsimony and Bayesian inferences to optimize these traits into the phylogeny of Aspidoderidae, we reconstructed Dasypodidae (armadillos) as the synapomorphic host for the family. In addition, 4 events of host switching were detected. One consisted of the switch from dasypodids to hystricognath rodents, and subsequently to geomyid rodents. The remaining set of events consisted of a switch from dasypodids to didelphid marsupials and then to sigmodontine rodents. The reconstruction of the ancestral distribution suggests 3 events of dispersal into the Nearctic. Two of these invasions would suggest that 2 different lineages of dasypodid parasites entered the Northern Hemisphere at different times, which is consistent with the presence of 2 lineages of armadillos in Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1166-1175
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume98
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

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Nematoda
Dasypodidae
rodent
Mammals
Rodentia
rodents
mammal
mammals
Armadillos
Opossums
Marsupialia
faunistics
South America
marsupial
opossums
Phylogeny
Metatheria
North America
Mexico
guild

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Four Events of Host Switching in Aspidoderidae (Nematoda) Involve Convergent Lineages of Mammals. / Jiménez, F. Agustín; Gardner, Scott L.; Navone, Graciela; Ortí, Guillermo.

In: Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 98, No. 6, 01.12.2012, p. 1166-1175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jiménez, F. Agustín ; Gardner, Scott L. ; Navone, Graciela ; Ortí, Guillermo. / Four Events of Host Switching in Aspidoderidae (Nematoda) Involve Convergent Lineages of Mammals. In: Journal of Parasitology. 2012 ; Vol. 98, No. 6. pp. 1166-1175.
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