Fortuitous benefits of living kidney donation

Diagnosis of serious medical conditions during the living donor evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: All living kidney donors are counseled about the possible surgical and medical risks associated with donation. Only a minority of transplant centers discuss the potential benefit of discovering undiagnosed medical conditions in the donor during evaluation, as part of their consent process. Methods: We retrospectively investigated all potential living kidney donors evaluated over a 10-year period at a single center to characterize incidentally diagnosed serious medical conditions. Results: Sixty-five of the 762 potential donors (8.5%) were not approved for donation because of a newly diagnosed serious medical condition discovered during their evaluation. This included six patients diagnosed with malignancies, five of which required operative intervention, six patients diagnosed with transmittable diseases requiring follow-up and treatment, four patients were found to have bilateral renal stones with significant stone burden, and two patients diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Additionally, four patients were diagnosed with significant heart disease, and one of those patients subsequently required a coronary artery bypass surgery. Conclusions: The evaluation process can diagnose serious medical conditions in a significant minority of donors that would have otherwise been unrecognized. The benefit associated with the donor evaluation should be considered an important part of the consent process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13204
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

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Living Donors
Kidney
Tissue Donors
Coronary Artery Bypass
Immunoglobulin A
Heart Diseases
Transplants
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • living donor evaluation
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

Cite this

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title = "Fortuitous benefits of living kidney donation: Diagnosis of serious medical conditions during the living donor evaluation",
abstract = "Background: All living kidney donors are counseled about the possible surgical and medical risks associated with donation. Only a minority of transplant centers discuss the potential benefit of discovering undiagnosed medical conditions in the donor during evaluation, as part of their consent process. Methods: We retrospectively investigated all potential living kidney donors evaluated over a 10-year period at a single center to characterize incidentally diagnosed serious medical conditions. Results: Sixty-five of the 762 potential donors (8.5{\%}) were not approved for donation because of a newly diagnosed serious medical condition discovered during their evaluation. This included six patients diagnosed with malignancies, five of which required operative intervention, six patients diagnosed with transmittable diseases requiring follow-up and treatment, four patients were found to have bilateral renal stones with significant stone burden, and two patients diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Additionally, four patients were diagnosed with significant heart disease, and one of those patients subsequently required a coronary artery bypass surgery. Conclusions: The evaluation process can diagnose serious medical conditions in a significant minority of donors that would have otherwise been unrecognized. The benefit associated with the donor evaluation should be considered an important part of the consent process.",
keywords = "living donor evaluation, transplantation",
author = "Arika Hoffman and Tendulkar, {Ketki K} and Shaheed Merani and Maskin, {Alexander T} and Langnas, {Alan Norman}",
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language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Clinical Transplantation",
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T1 - Fortuitous benefits of living kidney donation

T2 - Diagnosis of serious medical conditions during the living donor evaluation

AU - Hoffman, Arika

AU - Tendulkar, Ketki K

AU - Merani, Shaheed

AU - Maskin, Alexander T

AU - Langnas, Alan Norman

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Background: All living kidney donors are counseled about the possible surgical and medical risks associated with donation. Only a minority of transplant centers discuss the potential benefit of discovering undiagnosed medical conditions in the donor during evaluation, as part of their consent process. Methods: We retrospectively investigated all potential living kidney donors evaluated over a 10-year period at a single center to characterize incidentally diagnosed serious medical conditions. Results: Sixty-five of the 762 potential donors (8.5%) were not approved for donation because of a newly diagnosed serious medical condition discovered during their evaluation. This included six patients diagnosed with malignancies, five of which required operative intervention, six patients diagnosed with transmittable diseases requiring follow-up and treatment, four patients were found to have bilateral renal stones with significant stone burden, and two patients diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Additionally, four patients were diagnosed with significant heart disease, and one of those patients subsequently required a coronary artery bypass surgery. Conclusions: The evaluation process can diagnose serious medical conditions in a significant minority of donors that would have otherwise been unrecognized. The benefit associated with the donor evaluation should be considered an important part of the consent process.

AB - Background: All living kidney donors are counseled about the possible surgical and medical risks associated with donation. Only a minority of transplant centers discuss the potential benefit of discovering undiagnosed medical conditions in the donor during evaluation, as part of their consent process. Methods: We retrospectively investigated all potential living kidney donors evaluated over a 10-year period at a single center to characterize incidentally diagnosed serious medical conditions. Results: Sixty-five of the 762 potential donors (8.5%) were not approved for donation because of a newly diagnosed serious medical condition discovered during their evaluation. This included six patients diagnosed with malignancies, five of which required operative intervention, six patients diagnosed with transmittable diseases requiring follow-up and treatment, four patients were found to have bilateral renal stones with significant stone burden, and two patients diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Additionally, four patients were diagnosed with significant heart disease, and one of those patients subsequently required a coronary artery bypass surgery. Conclusions: The evaluation process can diagnose serious medical conditions in a significant minority of donors that would have otherwise been unrecognized. The benefit associated with the donor evaluation should be considered an important part of the consent process.

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