Forage intake by lactating beef cows differing in potential for milk production.

P. G. Hatfield, D. C. Clanton, Kent M Eskridge, D. W. Sanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two feeding trials (early and late lactation) were conducted to measure ad libitum forage intake by beef cows from three breed groups of similar mature weight, but with different milk production potential. Twenty-four cow-calf units, eight from each milk production level (low, medium and high) were grouped (two/pen) based on similarity of cow weight and previous weigh-suckle-weigh and calf weaning weight data. Each pair of cow-calf units was confined to separate pens and allowed ad libitum access to chopped native Sandhills meadow hay. Dry matter intake, cow and calf BW and calf milk consumption were determined. Daily DMI (kg/hd) and milk consumption showed a positive linear response (P less than .05) among low, medium and high milk-producing cows. When cow DMI was expressed as g/unit mean cow BW during the trial, both a positive linear (P less than .05) and a quadratic response (P less than .01) expressed the relationship among production levels during early and late lactation. Calf forage intake, birth weight and adjusted 181- and 205-d weaning weight had no linear or quadratic relationship (P greater than .10) to milk production levels. However, June 1 calf weight, actual calf weaning weight and calf rate of gain (birth to weaning) had a positive linear (P less than .07) relationship. Best fit regression models with DMI as the dependent variable were developed for each trial based on R2 and CV values of the potential models. The best fit model (R2 = .94, SE = .33) for early lactation included production level as a class variable with cow BW.75 and calf birth weight as independent variables. The best fit model (R2 = .92, SE = .53) for late lactation included actual weaning weight in addition to the variables used during early lactation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3018-3027
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume67
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

Fingerprint

beef cows
milk production
Milk
feed intake
Weaning
calves
Lactation
Weights and Measures
cows
weaning weight
early lactation
late lactation
Birth Weight
milk consumption
birth weight
Birth Rate
dry matter intake
meadows
hay
weaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Forage intake by lactating beef cows differing in potential for milk production. / Hatfield, P. G.; Clanton, D. C.; Eskridge, Kent M; Sanson, D. W.

In: Journal of animal science, Vol. 67, No. 11, 01.01.1989, p. 3018-3027.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hatfield, P. G. ; Clanton, D. C. ; Eskridge, Kent M ; Sanson, D. W. / Forage intake by lactating beef cows differing in potential for milk production. In: Journal of animal science. 1989 ; Vol. 67, No. 11. pp. 3018-3027.
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