Food Insecurity Increases Odds of Diabetes and Hypertension, not Obesity in Medically Underserved Region

Meagan Helmick, Teresa M. Smith, Courtney A. Parks, Jennie L Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the levels of household food insecurity in the region to determine if differences exist between socio-demographics of the sample. Further, it tests if the increased prevalence of chronic diseases and obesity among food insecure households demonstrated in previous studies is true for this region. Utilizing a regional baseline survey, logistic regression models were performed to determine the relationship between household food insecurity and body mass index or chronic disease. There were significant socio-demographic differences among food insecure and food secure respondents in the region. After adjusting for covariates, food insecurity was significantly related to increased odds of hypertension (OR = 1.77, p = 0.001) and diabetes (OR = 1.51, p = 0.038), but not overweight/obesity (OR = 1.39, p = 0.067). Utilizing food assistance, like food pantries, to implement targeted interventions could help reduce both food insecurity and chronic disease in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Food Supply
nutrition situation
hypertension
chronic illness
Obesity
food
Hypertension
Food
Chronic Disease
Disease
Food Assistance
Logistic Models
Demography
Body Mass Index
assistance
logistics
regression
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Food insecurity
  • Virginia
  • diabetes
  • hypertension
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Food Insecurity Increases Odds of Diabetes and Hypertension, not Obesity in Medically Underserved Region. / Helmick, Meagan; Smith, Teresa M.; Parks, Courtney A.; Hill, Jennie L.

In: Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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