Focal adhesion kinase mediates β-catenin signaling in periodontal ligament cells

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells convert the orthodontic forces into biological responses by secreting signaling molecules to induce modeling of alveolar bone and tooth movement. Beta-catenin pathway is activated in response to mechanical loading in PDL cells. The upstream signaling pathways activated by mechanical loading resulting in the activation of β-catenin pathway through Wnt-independent mechanism remains to be characterized. We hypothesized that mechanical loading induces activation of β-catenin signaling by mechanisms that dependent on focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and nitric oxide (NO). We found that mechanical or pharmacological activation of β-catenin signaling in PDL cells upregulated the expression of β-catenin target genes. Pre-treatment of PDL cells with FAK inhibitor-14 prior to mechanical loading abolished the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. PDL cells pre-treated with NO donor or NO inhibitor and subjected to mechanical loading. Western blot analysis showed that the mechanical loading or pre-treatment with NO donor increased the levels of dephosphorylated β-catenin, pAkt, and pGSK-3β. Pre-treatment with NO inhibitor blocked the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. These data indicate that mechanical loading-induced β-catenin stabilization in PDL cells involves phosphorylation of Akt by two parallel pathways requiring FAK and NO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-492
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume439
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 4 2013

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Catenins
Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Periodontal Ligament
Ligaments
Nitric Oxide
Phosphorylation
Nitric Oxide Donors
Chemical activation
Tooth Movement Techniques
Wnt Signaling Pathway
beta Catenin
Orthodontics
Western Blotting
Bone
Pharmacology
Stabilization
Genes
Bone and Bones
Molecules

Keywords

  • Akt signaling
  • COX-2
  • Mechanotransduction
  • Nitric oxide
  • Periodontal ligament cell
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Tooth movement
  • β-catenin signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Focal adhesion kinase mediates β-catenin signaling in periodontal ligament cells",
abstract = "Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells convert the orthodontic forces into biological responses by secreting signaling molecules to induce modeling of alveolar bone and tooth movement. Beta-catenin pathway is activated in response to mechanical loading in PDL cells. The upstream signaling pathways activated by mechanical loading resulting in the activation of β-catenin pathway through Wnt-independent mechanism remains to be characterized. We hypothesized that mechanical loading induces activation of β-catenin signaling by mechanisms that dependent on focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and nitric oxide (NO). We found that mechanical or pharmacological activation of β-catenin signaling in PDL cells upregulated the expression of β-catenin target genes. Pre-treatment of PDL cells with FAK inhibitor-14 prior to mechanical loading abolished the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. PDL cells pre-treated with NO donor or NO inhibitor and subjected to mechanical loading. Western blot analysis showed that the mechanical loading or pre-treatment with NO donor increased the levels of dephosphorylated β-catenin, pAkt, and pGSK-3β. Pre-treatment with NO inhibitor blocked the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. These data indicate that mechanical loading-induced β-catenin stabilization in PDL cells involves phosphorylation of Akt by two parallel pathways requiring FAK and NO.",
keywords = "Akt signaling, COX-2, Mechanotransduction, Nitric oxide, Periodontal ligament cell, Prostaglandin E, Tooth movement, β-catenin signaling",
author = "Sundaralingam Premaraj and Isabela Souza and Thyagaseely Premaraj",
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T1 - Focal adhesion kinase mediates β-catenin signaling in periodontal ligament cells

AU - Premaraj, Sundaralingam

AU - Souza, Isabela

AU - Premaraj, Thyagaseely

PY - 2013/10/4

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N2 - Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells convert the orthodontic forces into biological responses by secreting signaling molecules to induce modeling of alveolar bone and tooth movement. Beta-catenin pathway is activated in response to mechanical loading in PDL cells. The upstream signaling pathways activated by mechanical loading resulting in the activation of β-catenin pathway through Wnt-independent mechanism remains to be characterized. We hypothesized that mechanical loading induces activation of β-catenin signaling by mechanisms that dependent on focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and nitric oxide (NO). We found that mechanical or pharmacological activation of β-catenin signaling in PDL cells upregulated the expression of β-catenin target genes. Pre-treatment of PDL cells with FAK inhibitor-14 prior to mechanical loading abolished the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. PDL cells pre-treated with NO donor or NO inhibitor and subjected to mechanical loading. Western blot analysis showed that the mechanical loading or pre-treatment with NO donor increased the levels of dephosphorylated β-catenin, pAkt, and pGSK-3β. Pre-treatment with NO inhibitor blocked the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. These data indicate that mechanical loading-induced β-catenin stabilization in PDL cells involves phosphorylation of Akt by two parallel pathways requiring FAK and NO.

AB - Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells convert the orthodontic forces into biological responses by secreting signaling molecules to induce modeling of alveolar bone and tooth movement. Beta-catenin pathway is activated in response to mechanical loading in PDL cells. The upstream signaling pathways activated by mechanical loading resulting in the activation of β-catenin pathway through Wnt-independent mechanism remains to be characterized. We hypothesized that mechanical loading induces activation of β-catenin signaling by mechanisms that dependent on focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and nitric oxide (NO). We found that mechanical or pharmacological activation of β-catenin signaling in PDL cells upregulated the expression of β-catenin target genes. Pre-treatment of PDL cells with FAK inhibitor-14 prior to mechanical loading abolished the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. PDL cells pre-treated with NO donor or NO inhibitor and subjected to mechanical loading. Western blot analysis showed that the mechanical loading or pre-treatment with NO donor increased the levels of dephosphorylated β-catenin, pAkt, and pGSK-3β. Pre-treatment with NO inhibitor blocked the mechanical loading-induced phosphorylation of Akt and dephosphorylation of β-catenin. These data indicate that mechanical loading-induced β-catenin stabilization in PDL cells involves phosphorylation of Akt by two parallel pathways requiring FAK and NO.

KW - Akt signaling

KW - COX-2

KW - Mechanotransduction

KW - Nitric oxide

KW - Periodontal ligament cell

KW - Prostaglandin E

KW - Tooth movement

KW - β-catenin signaling

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