Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites and their heat-release rates

Guobin Shan, Wenbiao Jin, Hongxiang Chen, Min Zhao, Rao Surampalli, Anushuya Ramakrishnan, Tian C Zhang, Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites exhibiting remarkably improved flame-retardant and environmentally friendly properties have been widely utilized to replace traditional halogenated fire retardants. In this review, flame retardant mechanisms of polymer nanocomposites such as barrier effect, char formation, three-dimensional nanostructure, and radical trapping, are discussed to explain how nanomaterials can be incorporated in a polymer to reduce the polymer's flammability. Properties that are critical in governing the flame-retardant mechanisms of polymer nanocomposites are discussed in this review. Specifically, category, surface property, and concentration of nanomaterials are critical in affecting flame-retardant properties of polymer nanocomposites and are reviewed in detail. Nanocomposite categories, especially, silicates (clays), inorganic hydroxides, carbonaceous materials, metal oxides, polysilsequioxanes, and their combinations are well described. The use of synergism and surface modification of nanomaterials are important strategies for optimizing flame retardancy of polymer nanocomposites. The peak heat-release rate (HRR), the most important parameter for predicting fire hazard, is widely involved in this review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04015006
JournalJournal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
Flame retardants
Nanocomposites
Polymers
polymer
Nanostructured materials
Hydroxides
Fire hazards
Silicates
synergism
Flammability
Hot Temperature
flame retardant
rate
Oxides
Surface properties
hydroxide
trapping
Surface treatment
Nanostructures

Keywords

  • Clay
  • Inorganic hydroxides
  • Nanomaterials
  • Peak heat release rate (PHRR)
  • Synergism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Shan, G., Jin, W., Chen, H., Zhao, M., Surampalli, R., Ramakrishnan, A., ... Tyagi, R. D. (2015). Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites and their heat-release rates. Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, 19(4), [04015006]. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HZ.2153-5515.0000269

Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites and their heat-release rates. / Shan, Guobin; Jin, Wenbiao; Chen, Hongxiang; Zhao, Min; Surampalli, Rao; Ramakrishnan, Anushuya; Zhang, Tian C; Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal.

In: Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, Vol. 19, No. 4, 04015006, 01.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shan, Guobin ; Jin, Wenbiao ; Chen, Hongxiang ; Zhao, Min ; Surampalli, Rao ; Ramakrishnan, Anushuya ; Zhang, Tian C ; Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal. / Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites and their heat-release rates. In: Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste. 2015 ; Vol. 19, No. 4.
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