Five factors of impulsivity: Unique pathways to borderline and antisocial personality features and subsequent alcohol problems

Austin M. Hahn, Raluca M. Simons, Christine K. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Impulsivity, a multidimensional behavioral mechanism, commonly preceding externalizing maladaptive behavior and psychopathology, is a diagnostic criterion central to both antisocial and borderline personality disorders (American Psychiatric Association; APA, 2013). This study tested a path model of associations between five facets of impulsivity (negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking), borderline personality features, antisocial personality features, and two alcohol outcomes (consumption and alcohol-related problems) in a sample of college students (N = 624; 69% female, 31% male) between the ages of 18-25 (M = 19.77, SD = 1.55). The model demonstrated good fit with χ2 (14, N = 624) = 17.48, p = .231; RMSEA = .020 [90% CI: .000-046]; CFI = .998; SRMR = .019. Negative urgency and (lack of) perseverance predicted borderline personality features. Positive urgency, sensation seeking, (lack of) premeditation, and negative urgency predicted antisocial personality features. Antisocial, but not borderline personality features, were significantly associated with alcohol consumption. However, both antisocial and borderline personality features significantly predicted alcohol problems. Overall, the results demonstrate that impulsivity facets can differentially predict personality psychopathology and illustrate distinct paths to alcohol consumption and problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Antisocial personality features
  • Borderline personality features
  • Impulsivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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