First-principles study of a carbon nanobud

Xiaojun Wu, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanobuds (CNBs), a novel carbon nanostructure, have been synthesized recently via covalently bonding C 60 buckyballs to the sidewall of a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) through cycloaddition reaction [Nasibulin, A. G. et al., Nat. Nanotechnol. 2007, 2, 156]. We perform a first-principles study of structural, electronic, chemical, and field-emission properties of CNBs. It is found that relative stabilities of CNBs depend on the type of carbon - carbon bond dissociated in the cycloaddition reaction. All CNBs are semiconducting regardless of the original SWCNT base being metallic or semiconducting. Chemical attachment of C 60 to SWCNTs can either open up the band gap (e.g., for armchair SWCNT) or introduce impurity states within the band gap, thereby reducing the band gap (for semiconducting SWCNT). In addition, the band gap of CNBs can be modified by changing the density of C 60 attached to the sidewall of the SWCNT. The work function of CNBs can be either slightly higher or lower than that of the parent SWCNT, depending on whether the attached SWCNT is armchair or zigzag. Computed reaction pathway for the formation of CNBs shows that the barriers of both forward and backward reactions are quite high, confirming that CNBs are very stable at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1459-1465
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Fingerprint

Carbon
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
carbon
carbon nanotubes
Energy gap
Cycloaddition
cycloaddition
Fullerenes
Field emission
attachment
field emission
Nanostructures
Impurities
impurities
room temperature
electronics

Keywords

  • C buckyball
  • Carbon nanobud
  • Cycloaddition reaction
  • Field emission
  • Single-walled carbon nanotube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

First-principles study of a carbon nanobud. / Wu, Xiaojun; Zeng, Xiao Cheng.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 2, No. 7, 01.07.2008, p. 1459-1465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, Xiaojun ; Zeng, Xiao Cheng. / First-principles study of a carbon nanobud. In: ACS Nano. 2008 ; Vol. 2, No. 7. pp. 1459-1465.
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