Finite Element Analysis of the Implantation of a Self-Expanding Stent: Impact of Lesion Calcification

Shijia Zhao, Linxia Gu, Stacey R. Froemming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this work, the deployment of a self-expanding stent in a stenosed artery was evaluated through finite element analysis. The three-layered structure of the artery and their material properties were measured and implemented in our computational models. The instant outcomes, including lumen gain, tissue prolapse, and stress distribution, were quantified, and the effect of plaque calcification was evaluated. Results showed that the peak wall stress occurred on the media layer regardless of plaque calcification. The calcified plaque mitigated the tissue prolapse and arterial wall stresses in general, compared with the soft plaque. However, the lesion calcification led to a more severe residual stenosis, dogboning effect, and corresponding edge stress concentrations after stenting, which requires pre- and/or post-surgical management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021001
JournalJournal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 5 2012

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Keywords

  • Calcified plaque
  • Finite element method
  • Layered artery
  • Nitinol
  • Self-expanding stent
  • Stent-artery interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

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