FGFR3 contributes to intestinal crypt cell growth arrest

Sandrine Arnaud-Dabernat, Deepak Yadav, Nora Sarvetnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are important regulators of the dynamic development and turnover of tissues. Among FGF receptors, FGFR3 expression is confined in the intestinal crypts. We examined FGFR3-deficient mice and saw increased intestinal crypt depth but no change in villae length or in the distribution of differentiated intestinal cells, suggesting that the impact of lack of FGFR3 was limited to the progenitor cell compartment. Accordingly, enhancement of intestinal crypt proliferation was observed in FGFR3 mutant mice and interestingly, upon anti-FGFR3 antibody administration in wild type mice. Moreover, injection of FGF18, a ligand of FGFR3, in wild type mice resulted in decreased cell proliferation within the intestinal crypts. Inaddition, we found that ERK level of activation was increased in FGFR3-deficient intestinal epithelium. In vitro studies showed that ERK, AKT and activation was regulated by FGFs and that ERK level of activation was inversely correlated to FGFR3 level of expression in the intestinal crypt cells. Furthermore, effects of FGF18 on ERK and AKT activation paralleled FGFR3 effects on these intracellular targets. Our data indicate that FGF18 and FGFR3 are involved, possibly as partners, in the control of intestinal precursor cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume216
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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