Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport: Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers

A. R. Bueno, T. G. Cappel, G. D. Sunvold, R. A. Moxley, G. A. Reinhart, E. T. Clemens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies were undertaken to determine the effects of dietary fiber (i.e., cellulose, beet pulp or a pectin/gum arabic blend) on colonic transport of SCFA and fecal microbial populations of adult, female cats. Selection of test fibers was based upon that fiber's ability to be degraded (fermented) within the gut of the domestic cat (i.e., cellulose - generally non-fermentable, beet pulp-moderately fermentable, pectin/gum arabic - highly fermentable). A non-fiber control diet was also included in the study. The pectin/gum arabic blend was noted to induce a reduction in food and water intake, resulting in body weight loss. Colonic fluid recovery was significantly reduced in those cats receiving the pectin/gum arabic blend. For cats receiving the beet pulp fiber, an increased SCFA (acetate and butyrate) absorption and a sustained, reduced fecal microbial population were noted, relative to those cats receiving non-fiber, cellulose or the pectin/gum arabic blend diets. Based upon the data presented, and observations previously reported for dogs and cats, it is concluded that if fiber is to be included in the diet of the domestic cat, a moderately fermentable fiber (e.g., beet pulp) would be the dietary fiber of choice. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1328
Number of pages10
JournalNutrition Research
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2000

Fingerprint

Gum Arabic
Beta vulgaris
Felidae
Cellulose
Cats
Fatty Acids
Dietary Fiber
Diet
Butyrates
pectin
Population
Drinking
Weight Loss
Acetates
Eating
Body Weight
Dogs

Keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Cat
  • Cellulose
  • Colonic morphology
  • Dietary fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport : Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers. / Bueno, A. R.; Cappel, T. G.; Sunvold, G. D.; Moxley, R. A.; Reinhart, G. A.; Clemens, E. T.

In: Nutrition Research, Vol. 20, No. 9, 09.10.2000, p. 1319-1328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bueno, A. R. ; Cappel, T. G. ; Sunvold, G. D. ; Moxley, R. A. ; Reinhart, G. A. ; Clemens, E. T. / Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport : Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers. In: Nutrition Research. 2000 ; Vol. 20, No. 9. pp. 1319-1328.
@article{b91b2449825842a2b0c473399f04a17e,
title = "Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport: Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers",
abstract = "Studies were undertaken to determine the effects of dietary fiber (i.e., cellulose, beet pulp or a pectin/gum arabic blend) on colonic transport of SCFA and fecal microbial populations of adult, female cats. Selection of test fibers was based upon that fiber's ability to be degraded (fermented) within the gut of the domestic cat (i.e., cellulose - generally non-fermentable, beet pulp-moderately fermentable, pectin/gum arabic - highly fermentable). A non-fiber control diet was also included in the study. The pectin/gum arabic blend was noted to induce a reduction in food and water intake, resulting in body weight loss. Colonic fluid recovery was significantly reduced in those cats receiving the pectin/gum arabic blend. For cats receiving the beet pulp fiber, an increased SCFA (acetate and butyrate) absorption and a sustained, reduced fecal microbial population were noted, relative to those cats receiving non-fiber, cellulose or the pectin/gum arabic blend diets. Based upon the data presented, and observations previously reported for dogs and cats, it is concluded that if fiber is to be included in the diet of the domestic cat, a moderately fermentable fiber (e.g., beet pulp) would be the dietary fiber of choice. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.",
keywords = "Bacteria, Cat, Cellulose, Colonic morphology, Dietary fiber",
author = "Bueno, {A. R.} and Cappel, {T. G.} and Sunvold, {G. D.} and Moxley, {R. A.} and Reinhart, {G. A.} and Clemens, {E. T.}",
year = "2000",
month = "10",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1016/S0271-5317(00)00211-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "1319--1328",
journal = "Nutrition Research",
issn = "0271-5317",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feline colonic microbes and fatty acid transport

T2 - Effects of feeding cellulose, beet pulp and pectin/gum arabic fibers

AU - Bueno, A. R.

AU - Cappel, T. G.

AU - Sunvold, G. D.

AU - Moxley, R. A.

AU - Reinhart, G. A.

AU - Clemens, E. T.

PY - 2000/10/9

Y1 - 2000/10/9

N2 - Studies were undertaken to determine the effects of dietary fiber (i.e., cellulose, beet pulp or a pectin/gum arabic blend) on colonic transport of SCFA and fecal microbial populations of adult, female cats. Selection of test fibers was based upon that fiber's ability to be degraded (fermented) within the gut of the domestic cat (i.e., cellulose - generally non-fermentable, beet pulp-moderately fermentable, pectin/gum arabic - highly fermentable). A non-fiber control diet was also included in the study. The pectin/gum arabic blend was noted to induce a reduction in food and water intake, resulting in body weight loss. Colonic fluid recovery was significantly reduced in those cats receiving the pectin/gum arabic blend. For cats receiving the beet pulp fiber, an increased SCFA (acetate and butyrate) absorption and a sustained, reduced fecal microbial population were noted, relative to those cats receiving non-fiber, cellulose or the pectin/gum arabic blend diets. Based upon the data presented, and observations previously reported for dogs and cats, it is concluded that if fiber is to be included in the diet of the domestic cat, a moderately fermentable fiber (e.g., beet pulp) would be the dietary fiber of choice. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

AB - Studies were undertaken to determine the effects of dietary fiber (i.e., cellulose, beet pulp or a pectin/gum arabic blend) on colonic transport of SCFA and fecal microbial populations of adult, female cats. Selection of test fibers was based upon that fiber's ability to be degraded (fermented) within the gut of the domestic cat (i.e., cellulose - generally non-fermentable, beet pulp-moderately fermentable, pectin/gum arabic - highly fermentable). A non-fiber control diet was also included in the study. The pectin/gum arabic blend was noted to induce a reduction in food and water intake, resulting in body weight loss. Colonic fluid recovery was significantly reduced in those cats receiving the pectin/gum arabic blend. For cats receiving the beet pulp fiber, an increased SCFA (acetate and butyrate) absorption and a sustained, reduced fecal microbial population were noted, relative to those cats receiving non-fiber, cellulose or the pectin/gum arabic blend diets. Based upon the data presented, and observations previously reported for dogs and cats, it is concluded that if fiber is to be included in the diet of the domestic cat, a moderately fermentable fiber (e.g., beet pulp) would be the dietary fiber of choice. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

KW - Bacteria

KW - Cat

KW - Cellulose

KW - Colonic morphology

KW - Dietary fiber

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033800586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033800586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0271-5317(00)00211-6

DO - 10.1016/S0271-5317(00)00211-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033800586

VL - 20

SP - 1319

EP - 1328

JO - Nutrition Research

JF - Nutrition Research

SN - 0271-5317

IS - 9

ER -