Familial and "on-the-street" risk factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents

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Abstract

Objective: This study investigated factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents, using a risk-amplification model. Method: Homeless and runaway adolescents (N = 536, 60% female) were recruited and interviewed by outreach workers directly on the streets, in shelters and in drop-in centers in four Mid-western states. The average age was 16 years; ages ranged from 12 to 22. Results: Parent alcohol problems were indirectly linked to adolescent drinking through familial abuse and its relationship to deviant peers, time on own and risky subsistence behaviors. Parent alcohol problems also predicted offspring alcohol use through parental rejection and its association with deviant peers anti with risky subsistence behaviors. The strongest direct effects on alcohol use were hanging out with antisocial friends and participating in deviant behaviors in order to survive on the street. Conclusions: This study sheds light on the nature of alcohol use in a high-risk population. Family background and "on-the-street" (time on own) factors must be taken into consideration when treating alcohol misuse in street youth. The alternative is a vicious cycle whereby homeless youth may become homeless adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-43
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol
Volume63
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 3 2002

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Homeless Youth
alcohol
Alcohols
adolescent
parents
Parents
deviant behavior
Amplification
abuse
worker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

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title = "Familial and {"}on-the-street{"} risk factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents",
abstract = "Objective: This study investigated factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents, using a risk-amplification model. Method: Homeless and runaway adolescents (N = 536, 60{\%} female) were recruited and interviewed by outreach workers directly on the streets, in shelters and in drop-in centers in four Mid-western states. The average age was 16 years; ages ranged from 12 to 22. Results: Parent alcohol problems were indirectly linked to adolescent drinking through familial abuse and its relationship to deviant peers, time on own and risky subsistence behaviors. Parent alcohol problems also predicted offspring alcohol use through parental rejection and its association with deviant peers anti with risky subsistence behaviors. The strongest direct effects on alcohol use were hanging out with antisocial friends and participating in deviant behaviors in order to survive on the street. Conclusions: This study sheds light on the nature of alcohol use in a high-risk population. Family background and {"}on-the-street{"} (time on own) factors must be taken into consideration when treating alcohol misuse in street youth. The alternative is a vicious cycle whereby homeless youth may become homeless adults.",
author = "McMorris, {Barbara J.} and Tyler, {Kimberly A.} and Whitbeck, {Les B.} and Hoyt, {Dan R.}",
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T1 - Familial and "on-the-street" risk factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents

AU - McMorris, Barbara J.

AU - Tyler, Kimberly A.

AU - Whitbeck, Les B.

AU - Hoyt, Dan R.

PY - 2002/4/3

Y1 - 2002/4/3

N2 - Objective: This study investigated factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents, using a risk-amplification model. Method: Homeless and runaway adolescents (N = 536, 60% female) were recruited and interviewed by outreach workers directly on the streets, in shelters and in drop-in centers in four Mid-western states. The average age was 16 years; ages ranged from 12 to 22. Results: Parent alcohol problems were indirectly linked to adolescent drinking through familial abuse and its relationship to deviant peers, time on own and risky subsistence behaviors. Parent alcohol problems also predicted offspring alcohol use through parental rejection and its association with deviant peers anti with risky subsistence behaviors. The strongest direct effects on alcohol use were hanging out with antisocial friends and participating in deviant behaviors in order to survive on the street. Conclusions: This study sheds light on the nature of alcohol use in a high-risk population. Family background and "on-the-street" (time on own) factors must be taken into consideration when treating alcohol misuse in street youth. The alternative is a vicious cycle whereby homeless youth may become homeless adults.

AB - Objective: This study investigated factors associated with alcohol use among homeless and runaway adolescents, using a risk-amplification model. Method: Homeless and runaway adolescents (N = 536, 60% female) were recruited and interviewed by outreach workers directly on the streets, in shelters and in drop-in centers in four Mid-western states. The average age was 16 years; ages ranged from 12 to 22. Results: Parent alcohol problems were indirectly linked to adolescent drinking through familial abuse and its relationship to deviant peers, time on own and risky subsistence behaviors. Parent alcohol problems also predicted offspring alcohol use through parental rejection and its association with deviant peers anti with risky subsistence behaviors. The strongest direct effects on alcohol use were hanging out with antisocial friends and participating in deviant behaviors in order to survive on the street. Conclusions: This study sheds light on the nature of alcohol use in a high-risk population. Family background and "on-the-street" (time on own) factors must be taken into consideration when treating alcohol misuse in street youth. The alternative is a vicious cycle whereby homeless youth may become homeless adults.

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