Fairness, trust, and school climate as foundational to growth mindset: A study among Brazilian children and adolescents

Kendra J. Thomas, Josafá Moreira de Cunha, Denise Americo de Souza, Jonathan Santo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Recent research has established the importance of children and adolescents developing a growth mindset for future success and motivation. This research tests believes about fairness, adult trust, and school climate that are theoretically foundational for establishing a cognitive connection between effort and outcome. Regressions and MANOVAS were conducted to understand the direct and indirect relationships between perceptions of justice, adult trust, school climate and growth mindsets. The first study included 363 children from Brazilian public schools and the findings supported our hypothesis that adult trust partially mediates the relationship between justice perceptions and growth mindset. The second study included an adolescent sample (n = 497) from more diverse backgrounds and included a measure of institutional mindset. In this study, school fairness and solidarity mediated the relationship between perceptions of justice on institutional growth mindset. This research can help inform educators and researchers of other constructs necessary to foster a growth mindset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-529
Number of pages20
JournalEducational Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 21 2019



  • Justice
  • cognition
  • group climate
  • locus of control
  • trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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